CR
Palila Loxioides bailleui



Family: Fringillidae (Finches and Hawaiian honeycreepers)

Authority: (Oustalet, 1877)

Red List Category

Criteria: A4bce

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Justification of Red List category

This species is listed as Critically Endangered because it has suffered extremely rapid annual population declines since 2003. The primary short-term driver of the decline is prolonged drought, which has reduced mamane pod production, but other contributing factors include habitat degradation by introduced ungulates, predation by introduced cats, and competition for caterpillar food from introduced parasitoid wasps.



Population size: 1000-2499

Population trend: Decreasing

Extent of occurrence (breeding/resident): 350 km2

Country endemic: Yes

Attributes
Land-mass type - oceanic island
Realm - Oceanic
IUCN Ecosystem -- Terrestrial biome

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2017) Species factsheet: Loxioides bailleui. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/08/2017. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2017) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/08/2017.