African Penguin Spheniscus demersus

Family: Spheniscidae (Penguins)

Authority: (Linnaeus, 1758)

Red List Category

Criteria: A2ace+3ce+4ace

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Justification of Red List category
This species is classified as Endangered because it is undergoing a very rapid population decline, probably as a result of commercial fisheries and shifts in prey populations. This trend currently shows no sign of reversing, and immediate conservation action is required to prevent further declines.

BirdLife Species Champion: Charl van der Merwe Trust

Population size: 50000

Population trend: Decreasing

Extent of occurrence (breeding/resident): 3,920,000 km2

Country endemic: No

Land-mass type - continent
Realm - Afrotropical
IUCN Ecosystem -- Terrestrial biome
IUCN Ecosystem -- Marine biome

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2018) Species factsheet: Spheniscus demersus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/03/2018. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2018) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/03/2018.