Red List Category
for more information about the Red List categories and criteria
Justification of Red List category
This species is classified as Endangered because it is undergoing a very rapid population decline, probably as a result of commercial fisheries and shifts in prey populations. This trend currently shows no sign of reversing, and immediate conservation action is required to prevent further declines.
BirdLife Species Champion:
Charl van der Merwe Trust
52000 mature individuals
Distribution size (breeding/resident):
Land-mass type - continent - Continents are land masses > bigger than Australia (=7,682,300 sq km).
Realm - Afrotropical - realm
IUCN Ecosystem -- Terrestrial biome
IUCN Ecosystem -- Marine biome