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African Penguin Spheniscus demersus



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Red List Category

Criteria: A2ace+3ce+4ace

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Justification of Red List category
This species is classified as Endangered because it is undergoing a very rapid population decline, probably as a result of commercial fisheries and shifts in prey populations. This trend currently shows no sign of reversing, and immediate conservation action is required to prevent further declines.

BirdLife Species Champion: Charl van der Merwe Trust

Population size: 52000 mature individuals

Population trend: Decreasing

Distribution size (breeding/resident): 9,400 km2

Country endemic: No

Attributes
Land-mass type - continent - Continents are land masses > bigger than Australia (=7,682,300 sq km).
Realm - Afrotropical - realm
IUCN Ecosystem -- Terrestrial biome
IUCN Ecosystem -- Marine biome

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Spheniscus demersus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 05/12/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 05/12/2016.