Tatra mountains

Country/territory: Poland

IBA criteria met: C6 (2010)
For more information about IBA criteria, please click here

Area: 21,240 ha

Ogólnopolskie Towarzystwo Ochrony Ptaków
IBA conservation status
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2009 unfavourable very high medium
For more information about IBA monitoring, please click here

Site description (2000 baseline)
Tatra National Park covers the whole of the Polish part of the Tatras range (Western Tatras), the youngest and highest mountains in Poland (up to 2,499 m). At lower altitudes there is heavily modified subalpine spruce Picea forest, followed by upper subalpine forest, then the mountain pine Pinus mugo zone, followed by alpine pastures and rock towers at the highest elevations. There is a great variety of land-forms with many mountain lakes (High Tatras) and karst features (Western Tatras; e.g. caves). The site is contiguous with the `Tatry' IBA across the border in Slovakia.

Key biodiversity
Breeding species include Crex crex (of global conservation concern but not meeting IBA criteria) and two of the 10 species in Europe that are restricted to the European high-mountain biome when breeding (Prunella collaris in especially good numbers). A total of 200 species have been recorded.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Tatra mountains. Downloaded from on 09/12/2023.