LC
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Christidis, L. and Boles, W.E. 2008. Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass 39 g
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 87,600,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 83,600,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor estimated 2009
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5 - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated to number c.280,000-530,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2006). The European population is estimated at 134,000-262,000 pairs, which equates to 269,000-524,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). National population estimates include: c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs and c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration in China; c.100-10,000 breeding pairs, c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration and c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in Taiwan; c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs and c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration in Korea; c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs, c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration and c.50-1,000 wintering individuals in Japan and c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs and c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration in Russia (Brazil 2009).

Trend justification: The overall population trend is decreasing, although most populations have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2015). In Europe the population size is estimated to be decreasing by less than 25% in 15 years (three generations) (BirdLife International 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant
Armenia N Extant Yes
Australia V Extant
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bahrain N Extant Yes
Bangladesh N Extant
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium N Extant Yes
Benin N Extant
Bhutan N Extant
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Brunei N Extant
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
Burkina Faso N Extant
Burundi V Extant
Cambodia N Extant
Cameroon N Extant
Cape Verde N Extant
Central African Republic N Extant
Chad N Extant
China (mainland) N Extant
Christmas Island (to Australia) N Extant
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the N Extant
Côte d'Ivoire N Extant
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes Yes
Djibouti N Extant
Egypt N Extant
Equatorial Guinea N Extant
Eritrea N Extant
Estonia N Extant Yes
Ethiopia N Extant
Finland N Extant Yes Yes
France N Extant Yes Yes
Gabon N Extant
Gambia N Extant
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes Yes
Ghana N Extant
Gibraltar (to UK) N Extant Yes
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Guam (to USA) N Extant Yes
Guinea N Extant
Guinea-Bissau N Extant
Hong Kong (China) N Extant Yes
Hungary N Extant Yes
India N Extant
Indonesia N Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes Yes
Ireland V Extant
Israel N Extant Yes
Italy N Extant Yes Yes
Japan N Extant
Jordan N Extant Yes Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant
Kuwait N Extant Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Laos N Extant
Latvia N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes
Liberia N Extant
Libya N Extant
Liechtenstein N Extant Yes
Lithuania N Extant Yes
Luxembourg N Extant Yes
Macao (China) N Extant
Madagascar N Extant Yes
Malaysia N Extant
Maldives N Extant
Mali N Extant
Malta N Extant Yes
Martinique (to France) V Extant Yes Yes
Mauritania N Extant
Mauritius V Extant
Micronesia, Federated States of N Extant Yes
Moldova N Extant Yes Yes
Monaco N Extant Yes
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Morocco N Extant
Myanmar N Extant
Nepal N Extant
Netherlands N Extant Yes
Niger N Extant
Nigeria N Extant
North Korea N Extant Yes
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Northern Mariana Islands (to USA) N Extant Yes
Norway N Extant Yes
Oman N Extant Yes Yes
Pakistan N Extant
Palau N Extant Yes
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant Yes Yes
Papua New Guinea N Extant Yes
Philippines N Extant
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Qatar N Extant Yes Yes
Romania N Extant Yes Yes
Russia N Extant Yes Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes Yes
Rwanda V Extant
São Tomé e Príncipe V Extant
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes Yes
Senegal N Extant
Serbia N Extant Yes
Seychelles V Extant
Sierra Leone N Extant
Singapore N Extant
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
Solomon Islands V Extant
Somalia N Extant
South Korea N Extant
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes Yes
Sri Lanka N Extant
Sudan N Extant
Sweden N Extant Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes Yes
Taiwan, China N Extant
Tajikistan N Extant Yes
Tanzania N Extant
Thailand N Extant
Timor-Leste N Extant Yes Yes
Togo N Extant
Tunisia N Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Uganda N Extant
Ukraine N Extant Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes Yes
United Kingdom N Extant Yes
USA V Extant
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes
Vietnam N Extant
Western Sahara N Extant
Yemen N Extant Yes Yes
Zambia V Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Belarus Mid Prypiac'
Lithuania Islauzas fish-ponds
Romania Cârja - Maţa - Rădeanu - Roşcani
Romania Lake Techirghiol
Romania Lake Siutghiol
Romania Rotbav fish-ponds
Romania Cefa fish-ponds and Radvani wood
Romania Miheşu de Câmpie-Taureni fish-ponds
Romania Jijiei şi Miletinului fish-ponds
Sweden Lake Dättern
Sweden Lake Kvismaren
Sweden Archipelago and coastline of North-East Scania
Sweden Bay of Rynninge
Sweden Lake Hornborga
Sweden Sandemar
Sweden Bay of Torslanda
Poland Lower Bug river valley
Poland Middle Vistula River Valley
Poland Tuchola Forest
Poland Gródek-Michalowo basin
Poland Jeziorsko reservoir
Poland Delta of the Swina river
Poland Woniesc reservoir
Poland Tysmienica river valley
Poland Goplo Lake Site
Poland Vistula river mouth
Poland Marshy Valley of the Narew River
Poland Turawa reservoir
Poland Middle Bug river valley
Poland Weltyn lakes
Poland Przemysl Plateau
Poland Solska Forest
Poland Pisz forest
Poland Liwiec river valley
Poland Szczecin lagoon
Poland Napiwodzko-Ramucka forest
Poland Middle Warta River Valley
Poland Starzawa ponds
Poland Rakutowskie swamps
Poland Slup reservoir
Poland Lower Vistula River Valley
Poland Warta River Mouth
Poland Upper Wisla River Valley
Poland Ostrówek and Smogulec ponds
Poland Marshy valley of the Drweca river
Greece River Axios
Greece Axios, Loudias and Aliakmonas rivers' deltas
Greece Agios Mamas marsh
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Mount Ochi and surrounding marine area
Greece Alyki lagoon, Aigio
Greece Divari Pylou (Gialova) lagoon and Sfaktiria island
Greece Lakes Chortarolimni and Alyki, Moudros gulf, Diapori fen and Fakos peninsula, Limnos
Greece Mounts Orliakas and Tsourgiakas
Greece Dionysades islets, Crete
Greece Aliakmonas gorge
Greece Filiouri valley and eastern Rodopi mountains
Greece Kompsatos valley
Greece Pineios delta
Greece Megalo and Mikro Livari lagoons, Istiaia
Greece Mount Kerketio (Koziakas)
Greece Lake Kourna, Almyros delta and Georgioupolis coast, Crete
Greece Mount Falakro
Greece Prespa National Park and Varnountas mountains
Greece Reservoirs of former lake Karla
Greece Southwestern Lesvos and Petrified forest
Greece Gera gulf, Ntipi and Charamida marshes, Lesvos
Greece Paros and Antiparos islands and surrounding islets
Greece Southern Mani, mount Sangias and cape Tainaro
Greece Mount Itamos
Greece Acherontas gorge and estuary
Greece Acheloos valley
Greece Amvrakikos gulf
Greece Kalloni Gulf, Lesvos
Greece Spercheios valley and delta and Maliakos gulf
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou)
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos gorge
Greece Lake Kastoria
Greece Tyrnavos area
Greece National Park of Dadia - Lefkimi - Soufli forest
Greece Barbas and Klokos mountains and Selinountas gorge
Greece Kalogria lagoon, Strofylia forest and Lamia marshes
Greece South forest complex of Evros prefecture
Greece Dadia - Dereio - Aisymi forest
Greece Lagoons of Kerkyra island
Finland Mietoistenlahti bay
Finland Paimionlahti bay
Finland Korppoo and Nauvo southern archipelago
Finland Pori archipelago and wetlands
Finland Kirkkonummi archipelago
Finland Hanko western archipelago
Finland Pernaja outer archipelago
Finland Itäinen Suomenlahti National Park
Finland Maaninka wetlands
Finland Outokumpu wetlands
Finland Kristiinankaupunki southern archipelago
Finland Rummelö-Harrbodan
Finland Oulanka-Sukerijärvi
Finland Elimyssalo
Spain River Moros
Spain Albufera de Mallorca and Albufereta de Pollença marshes
Spain Janubio saltpans
Ukraine Dniprovs'ko-Oril's'kyj Nature Reserve
Ukraine Petropavlivs'kyj lyman
Ukraine Shagany-Alibej-Burnas lake-system
Ukraine Budats'kyj lyman
Ukraine Lyman lake
Ukraine Uzunlars'ke lake
Ukraine Bagerove
Ukraine Dnestr valley between Staryj Martyniv and Marynopil' villages
Ukraine Kinburns'kyj peninsula
Ukraine Solonyj Lyman lake
Ukraine Orikhivski lake-system
France Etangs Montpellierains
France Anse de Fouras, baie d'Yves et marais de Rochefort
France Vallée du Rhin : Village-neuf à Biescheim
France Vallée du Rhin : Marckolsheim à Strasbourg
France Vallée du Rhin : Strasbourg à Lauterbourg
France Val d'Allier Bourbonnais
France Planèze de Saint-Flour
France Vallée de la Loire: Pit majeur d'Iguerande à Décize
France Barrage d'Artix et Saligue du Gave de Pau
France Arjuzanx
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais du Blayais
France Baie des Veys et Marais du Cotentin
France Marais de la Baie d'Audierne
France Vallée de l'Aisne
France Vallée de la Loire : environs de Blois
France Vallée de la Conie et Beauce centrale
France Vallée de la Loire : environs de Montlouis-sur-Loire
France Lac de Rillé et forêts voisines
France Vallée de la Loire : Orléanais
France Mars sur Allier
France Vallée de la Loire : La Charité-sur-Loire
France Basse Vallée du Doubs : Dole Sud
France Boucle de Pose et de Muids
France Estuaire et embouchure de la Seine
France Vallée de la Meuse
France Etangs de Canet et de Villeneuve-de-la-Raho et embouchure du Tech
France Vallées de la Scarpe et de l'Escaut
France Cap Gris-nez
France Moyenne Vallée de la Durance
France Camargue
France Basse Vallée de la Durance
France Vallée de la Durance : de Tallard à Sisteron
France Anse du Fiers d'Ars en Ré
France Etangs et marais du bassin de la Somme
France Vallée de l'Oise de Thourotte à Vendeuil
France Estuaires picards : baies de Somme et d'Authie
France Traicts et marais salants de la Presqu'île Guérandaise
France Estuaire de la Loire
France Baie de Bourgneuf et marais breton
France Marais de Mazerolles-Petit Mars
France Vallée de la Loire : de Nantes à Montsoreau
France La Dombes
France Col de l'Escrinet
France Plaine du Forez
France Ile de la Platière
France Lac Léman (partie française)
France Haut Giffre
France Val d'Allier : Saint-Yorre-Joze
France Marais entre Crau et Grand Rhône: Meyranne, Chanoine, Plan de Bourg et Salins du Caban
France Lac de Grand-Lieu
France Iles du Haut-Rhône
France Lac et marais du Bourget
United Kingdom Lower Derwent Valley
United Kingdom Lea Valley
United Kingdom Teesmouth and Cleveland Coast
Italy Pian di Spagna and Lake Mezzola
Italy River Po: from the mouth of Adda river to Ostiglia
Italy Piave river
Italy Valli di Argenta
Serbia Subotica lakes and sandy terrain
Romania Defileul Inferior al Mureşului
Serbia Zasavica
Slovakia Senné
Serbia Mala Vrbica
Armenia Armash fish-farm
Norway Nordre Øyeren & Sørumsneset
Austria Southern Seewinkel and Zitzmannsdorfer Wiesen
Austria March/Thaya riverine forest
Austria Steinfeld
Austria Riverine forests on the Danube east of Vienna
Austria Central Marchfeld
Austria Riverine forests in the Tullnerfeld
Austria Pielachtal
Austria Wachau
Austria Allentsteig military training area
Austria Lower Kamp valley
Austria Lower course of the Traun
Austria Salzach valley
Austria Storage lakes on the lower Inn
Austria Lower Mur valley
Austria Styrian Enns valley
Austria Lower valley of the Gail
Austria Tyrolian Lech valley
Austria Delta of the Rhine
Austria Parndorfer Platte and Heideboden
Germany Altmühl valley between Treuchtlingen and Leutershausen with Altmühlsee
Germany Ponds and Elbe valley near Torgau
Germany Rhön Biosphere Reserve
Germany Schwalm-Nette-Platte and Grenzwald
Germany Plothen ponds
Germany Saale-Elster valley
Germany Main valley near Schweinfurt
Germany Rötelsee-Weihergebiet incl. Regenaue and Chambaue
Germany Chiemsee and Chiemseemoore
Germany Ammersee
Germany Spreewald
Germany Wahner Heide
Germany Donau-Auen and Donau-Ried: Höchstädt - Donauwörth
Germany Isar valley: Gottfrieding - Plattling incl. Isar mouth
Germany Vogelfreistätte Mittlere Isar-Stauseen
Germany Danube valley: Regensburg-Vilshofen
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Niedervieland, Ochtumniederung
Germany Mittelwesermarsch
Germany Isles of Oie and Kirr
Germany Greifswalder Bodden
Germany Neustädter Bucht
Germany Lower Rhine
Germany Emsaue (Rietberger Emsniederung - Steinhorster Becken)
Germany Sennelager training area
Germany Hunte lowlands near Oldenburg
Germany Georgsdorfer swamp
Germany Lech-Donau-Winkel: Lechstausee Feldheim and Donaustausee Bertoldsheim
Germany Main valley: Eltmann - Hassfurt
Germany Military training area east and west of Jüterbog
Germany Lower Inn: Haiming - Neuhaus including the Neuhaus, Egglfing, Ering, and Simbach reservoirs
Germany Rhäden near Obersuhl and Bosserode
Germany Hessian Rhine alluvion
Russia (European) Morkushskoye reservoir
China (mainland) Chongming Dongtan Nature Reserve
Philippines Manila Bay
Mongolia Uvs Lake
Japan Lake Kasumigaura, Ukisima
Japan Osaka Nanko
Japan Shiokawa tidal flat
Belarus Liebiadziny Moch
Estonia Otepää
Russia (Central Asian) Verkhneoschskaya
Russia (Central Asian) Marjanovski part of Kamyshlovskaya valley
Bulgaria Atanasovsko Lake
Bulgaria Ivailovgrad Reservoir
Bulgaria Kaliakra
Bulgaria Galata
Bulgaria Batova
Bulgaria Bakarlaka
Bulgaria Sredna Gora
Bulgaria Rila
Bulgaria Besaparski Hills
Bulgaria Sinite Kamani-Grebenets
Bulgaria Western Strandzha
Bulgaria Karlukovski Karst
Bulgaria Arda Bridge
Bulgaria Dobrostan
Bulgaria Trigrad-Mursalitsa
Bulgaria Mikre Meadows
Bulgaria Palakaria
Bulgaria Maritsa-Parvomay
Bulgaria Zvanichevo Fish-ponds
Bulgaria Hadzi Dimitrovo Fish-ponds
Bulgaria Zlato Pole
Bulgaria Adata-Tundzha
Bulgaria Nikopolsko Plateau
Bulgaria Belite Skali
Bulgaria Rupite
Bulgaria Zemen Gordge
France Lacs de la Forêt d'Orient
France Salines de l'Etang de Berre
France Etangs de Citis, Lavalduc, Engrenier, Pourra, l'Estomac, Fos et salines de Rassuen et de Fos
France Pointe de Grave
France Etangs d'Argonne
France Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux
France Brenne centrale
France Etang de Lindre
France Etang du Bagnas
France Etangs de Vendres, Pissevache et Lespignan
France Plaines de Mirebeau et de Neuville-du-Poitou
France Plaine de Saint-Jean-de-Sauves
France Basse vallée du Var
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais de la rive nord
France Marais arrières littoraux picards
France Val de Drôme: Les Ramières-printegarde
Bulgaria Kresna Gorge
Kazakhstan Karasor Lake
Kazakhstan Kultansor and Tatysor Lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Seketovo, Rakhtovo and Artevo lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Bakanzhul lake
Russia (European) Floodplain of Moksha river and Common Crane autumn aggegation near villages Khohlikha and Shaprikha
Russia (Central Asian) Karamys lake
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shur Gol, Yadegarlu and Dorgeh Sangi lakes
Iran, Islamic Republic of South Caspian shore, from Astara to Gomishan
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay
Iran, Islamic Republic of Voshmigir dam
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lashgarak and Latian dam
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bahu Kalat (Gandu) Protected Area
Oman Al Batinah coast
Oman Quriyat - Daghmar
Oman Barr al Hikman
Saudi Arabia Al-Ha'ir
Saudi Arabia Jiddah south corniche and port
Saudi Arabia Malaki dam
Saudi Arabia Jizan Bay
Saudi Arabia Farasan Islands
United Arab Emirates Ramtha lagoons
Italy Middle course of River Brenta
Austria Neusiedler See
Austria Feuchte Ebene and Rauchwarther Platte
Austria Fish-ponds in the Waldviertel
Austria Machland
Austria Thermenlinie
Italy Magredi of Pordenone
Austria Meadows and lakes in the foreland of the Alps in Salzburg and Upper Austria
Austria Ibmer Moor
Ukraine National Park Stara Guta
Ukraine Reservoir on r. Chechva with territories adjacent
Kazakhstan Lesser Aral Sea
Turkmenistan Deryatakyr
Turkmenistan Mergen
Kazakhstan Tuzashchy and Karasor Lakes
Finland Maltio fjelds
Finland Oulu region wetlands
Finland Merenkurkku archipelago
Finland Värtsilä valley
Finland Patvinsuo National Park
Finland Kirkkojärvi lake and Lupinlahti bay
Finland Porvoonjoki Delta
Finland Laajalahti bay, Vanhankaupunginlahti bay and Viikki
Finland Koskeljärvi, Vaaljärvi and Pitkäjärvi lakes
Germany Braunschweig sewage farms
Germany Oker valley near Vienenburg
Germany Danube valley Untermarchtal-Ulm
Germany Alfsee
Germany Military training area Munster-Süd
Germany Georgsdorfer and Dalum-Wietmarscher Moor and Alte Piccardie
Germany Southern Karlsruhe Hardt
Germany Eriskircher Ried of Lake Constance
Germany Danube valley Scheer-Zwiefaltendorf
Germany Coast and lagoons of Western Pomerania
Germany Eder alluvion
Germany Middle Fulda valley
Germany Neckar oxbows in the Hessian Ried
Germany Werra lowlands near Wanfried and Eschwege
Germany Main valley and Steiger foothills near Schweinfurt and Volkach
Germany Elbe lowlands near Bertingen
Germany Heathlands of Lieberose-Staakow-Reicherskreuz
Germany Twiste reservior
Germany Werra meadows near Bad Salzungen
Luxembourg Haff Réimech
Kyrgyzstan Lake Chatyr-Kul
Kyrgyzstan Karkyra Valley
Poland Puck Bay
Poland Wizna Swamps
Poland Omulew and Plodownica Rivers Valleys
Poland Zgierzynieckie Lake
Poland Odra riverine forests
Poland Malopolska Wisla river gap
Poland Nielisz Site
Poland Upper Odra River Valley
Poland Upper Vistula River Valley
Poland Brzeszcze ponds
Poland Lower Sola River Valley
Poland Lower Skawa River Valley
Poland Lower San River Valley
Poland Lower Wieprz River Valley
Poland Kuznica Warezynska Reservoir
Poland Radlow Forest
Poland Wloszczowa Basin
Poland Turek Site
Poland Kurpie Site
Poland Jaktorow and Krasnicza Wola Fishponds
Poland Swietokrzyskie Vistula River Valley
China (mainland) Ulungur Hu and Jili Hu (Fu Hai)
Slovenia River Drava
Slovenia River Mura
Slovenia Spodnja Sava
Slovenia Srednja Sava
Ukraine Karkinits'ka and Dzharylgats'ka bays
Estonia Kabli
Estonia Kolga bay
Estonia Koorunõmme
Estonia Irbe strait
Estonia Kõrgessaare-Mudaste coast
Estonia Peipsi
Estonia Nõva-Osmussaar
Estonia Pärnu bay (NEW)
Estonia Riksu coast
Estonia Ropka-Ihaste
Estonia Räpina polder
Estonia Kunda
Estonia Vilsandi archipelago
Estonia Väinameri
Estonia Lõu bay
Kazakhstan Sorbulak Lake System
Estonia Küdema bay
Estonia Lahemaa
Estonia Luitemaa
Estonia Marimetsa-Õmma
Mauritania Lac de Mâl
Mauritania Aftout es Sâheli
Philippines Buguey wetlands
Kazakhstan Ereymentau Mountains
Kazakhstan Kyzylkol Lake
Kazakhstan Tuzkol Lake
China (mainland) Huanghua coast (Cangzhou)

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Excavations (open) suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Irrigated Land (includes irrigation channels) suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Irrigated Land (includes irrigation channels) suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Wastewater Treatment Areas suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Sandy Shoreline and/or Beaches, Sand Bars, Spits, Etc marginal resident
Marine Intertidal Shingle and/or Pebble Shoreline and/or Beaches marginal resident
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes and Flats suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 800 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Biological resource use Fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - Unintentional effects: (large scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Indirect ecosystem effects
Biological resource use Fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Indirect ecosystem effects
Human intrusions & disturbance Recreational activities Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species disturbance, Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - Clostridium botulinum Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Minority (<50%) Rapid Declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Species mortality
Natural system modifications Dams & water management/use - Abstraction of surface water (unknown use) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Natural system modifications Dams & water management/use - Dams (size unknown) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Natural system modifications Other ecosystem modifications Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species disturbance, Ecosystem conversion
Pollution Agricultural & forestry effluents - Herbicides and pesticides Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality
Pollution Industrial & military effluents - Oil spills Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Species mortality

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Charadrius dubius. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/01/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/01/2021.