Cebu Brown-dove Phapitreron frontalis

Family: Columbidae (Pigeons, Doves)

Authority: (Bourns & Worcester, 1894)

Red List Category

Criteria: D

Click here for more information about the Red List categories and criteria

Justification of Red List category
This dove has not been recorded with certainty since 1892 despite reasonable efforts searching for it, and Cebu retains just 0.03% of its original forest cover (Collar et al. 2001). Any remaining population must therefore be tiny (<50 mature individuals). If a population does persist, it may be declining further still due to ongoing habitat loss and degradation. It is therefore listed as Critically Endangered, but following unconfirmed sightings in the mid-1990s, early 2000s and 2007-2012 (Paguntalan and Jakosalem 2008, R. Hutchinson in litt. 2016), it cannot be categorised as Extinct or tagged as Possibly Extinct until further searches have been carried out.

Population size: 1-49

Population trend: Unknown

Extent of occurrence (breeding/resident): 550 km2

Country endemic: Yes

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Phapitreron frontalis. Downloaded from on 04/10/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 04/10/2023.