Velvet Scoter Melanitta fusca

Family: Anatidae (Ducks, Geese, Swans)

Authority: (Linnaeus, 1758)

Red List Category

Criteria: A2abcde+3cde+4bcde

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Justification of Red List category
This species is classified as Vulnerable. It is estimated to have undergone a population decline of 30-49% over the last three generations. It was previously estimated to be undergoing very rapid population declines; however the rate of decline has apparently slowed. The causes of this decline are not fully understood and further research is needed to inform conservation actions.

Population size: 300000

Population trend: Decreasing

Extent of occurrence (breeding/resident): 14,900,000 km2

Country endemic: No

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Melanitta fusca. Downloaded from on 28/10/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 28/10/2020.