Velvet Scoter Melanitta fusca

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Red List Category

Criteria: A2abcde+3cde+4bcde

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Justification of Red List category
This species is classified as Vulnerable. It is estimated to have undergone a population decline of 30-49% over the last three generations. It was previously estimated to be undergoing very rapid population declines however the rate of decline has apparently slowed. The causes of this decline are not fully understood and further research is needed to inform conservation actions.

Population size: 300000 mature individuals

Population trend: Decreasing

Distribution size (breeding/resident): 254,000 km2

Country endemic: No

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Melanitta fusca. Downloaded from on 05/12/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 05/12/2016.