Velvet Scoter Melanitta fusca

Family: Anatidae (Ducks, Geese, Swans)

Authority: (Linnaeus, 1758)

Red List Category

Criteria: A2abcde

Click here for more information about the Red List categories and criteria

Justification of Red List category
This species is classified as Vulnerable due to an estimated decline over the past three generations of 30-46%. Recent data indicates that the rate of decline has slowed, although breeding data indicates continuing reductions in Scandinavia, and the trend in the Russian breeding population is unknown. Further information on the rate of decline here, as well as potential shifts in distribution and the drivers of the rapid past decline are needed to inform conservation actions.

Population size: 141000-268000 mature individuals

Population trend: decreasing

Extent of occurrence (breeding/resident): 14,900,000 km2

Country endemic: no

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Species factsheet: Melanitta fusca. Downloaded from on 02/03/2024.
Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2024) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 02/03/2024.