Family: Emberizidae (Old World Buntings)
Authority: Pallas, 1773
Red List Category
for more information about the Red List categories and criteria
Justification of Red List category
This species has been uplisted to Critically Endangered because of indications that the overall rate of population decline is even greater than previously thought, and may have become extremely rapid during the past three generations (11 years).
These declines, which apparently began in the west of the breeding range, have since spread eastwards to affect the vast majority or even the entire population. Declines are believed to be driven primarily by trapping in its passage and non-breeding ranges. A programme of coordinated range-wide monitoring and action is badly needed to quantify the magnitude of the decline and reduce the impact of threats. If the rate of decline is subsequently found to be lower, the species must no longer be listed as Critically Endangered regardless of it continuing to be an extremely high priority for conservation action.
Extent of occurrence (breeding/resident):
Realm - Indomalayan
Realm - Nearctic
Realm - Palearctic
Land-mass type - continent
IUCN Ecosystem -- Freshwater biome
IUCN Ecosystem -- Terrestrial biome