EN
Hawaii Creeper Manucerthia mana



Family: Fringillidae (Finches and Hawaiian honeycreepers)

Authority: (Wilson, 1891)

Red List Category

Criteria: B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v)

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Justification of Red List category
This species is Endangered owing to its very small, severely fragmented and contracting range, where habitat loss and degradation continues owing to feral ungulates and pigs. It may be affected by diseases carried by introduced mosquitoes and has recently disappeared from one area and is declining elsewhere.



Population size: 2500-9999

Population trend: Decreasing

Extent of occurrence (breeding/resident): 3,100 km2

Country endemic: Yes

Attributes
Land-mass type - oceanic island
Realm - Oceanic
IUCN Ecosystem -- Terrestrial biome

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2018) Species factsheet: Manucerthia mana. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/11/2018. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2018) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/11/2018.