Galapagos Penguin Spheniscus mendiculus

Family: Spheniscidae (Penguins)

Authority: Sundevall, 1871

Red List Category

Criteria: A2abce; B2ab(iii,v); C2a(ii)

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Justification of Red List category
Long-term monitoring indicates that the population is fluctuating, primarily as a result of marine perturbations that may be becoming more extreme through climate change. These perturbations have caused an overall very rapid population reduction over the last three generations (31 years). In addition, the species has a small population and is restricted to a very small range, with breeding confined to a few locations. These factors qualify it as Endangered.

Population size: 1200

Population trend: Decreasing

Extent of occurrence (breeding/resident): 15,500 km2

Country endemic: Yes

Land-mass type - oceanic island
Realm - Neotropical
IUCN Ecosystem -- Marine biome

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Spheniscus mendiculus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 05/10/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 05/10/2022.