EN
Galapagos Penguin Spheniscus mendiculus



Family: Spheniscidae (Penguins)

Authority: Sundevall, 1871

Red List Category

Criteria: A2bde; B2ab(iii,v)c(iv); C2a(ii)b

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Justification of Red List category
Long-term monitoring indicates that this species is undergoing severe fluctuations, primarily as a result of marine perturbations that may be becoming more extreme. These perturbations have caused an overall very rapid population reduction over the last three generations (34 years). In addition, it has a small population, and is restricted to a very small range, with nearly all birds breeding at just one location. These factors qualify it as Endangered.



Population size: 1200

Population trend: Decreasing

Distribution size (breeding/resident): 15,500 km2

Country endemic: Yes

Attributes
Land-mass type - oceanic island
Realm - Neotropical
IUCN Ecosystem -- Marine biome

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Spheniscus mendiculus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 08/12/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 08/12/2016.