Macaroni Penguin Eudyptes chrysolophus

Family: Spheniscidae (Penguins)

Authority: (Brandt, 1837)

Red List Category

Criteria: A2bce+3bce+4bce

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Justification of Red List category
This species qualifies as Vulnerable because the global population appears to have declined rapidly over the last three generations (37 years). The primary drivers of declines are uncertain but could include climatic variation, at-sea overwinter foraging and competition for food from Antarctic fur seals.

Population size: unknown

Population trend: decreasing

Extent of occurrence (breeding/resident): 18,700,000 km2

Country endemic: no

Land-mass type - shelf island
Land-mass type - oceanic island
Realm - Afrotropical
Realm - Neotropical
Realm - Oceanic
Realm - Antarctic
IUCN Ecosystem -- Marine biome

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Species factsheet: Eudyptes chrysolophus. Downloaded from on 26/02/2024.
Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2024) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 26/02/2024.