Red List Category
for more information about the Red List categories and criteria
Justification of Red List category
This species has undergone a long-term decline and now has an extremely small population, with over 95% of truly wild birds concentrated in one subpopulation in Morocco. Numbers are currently increasing owing to management actions and consequent improved breeding success. However, this improvement in its status in Morocco is very recent and has not yet led to an increase in the number of colonies. In Syria its population appears to have declined dramatically in the past 30 years. The species is precautionarily retained as Critically Endangered for these reasons.
BirdLife Species Champion:
HSH Prince Albert II of Monaco
BirdLife Species Guardian:
General Commission for Al Badia Management and Development (Syria)
200-249 mature individuals
Distribution size (breeding/resident):
Land-mass type - continent - Continents are land masses > bigger than Australia (=7,682,300 sq km).
Realm - Afrotropical - realm
Realm - Palearctic - realm
IUCN Ecosystem -- Terrestrial biome