Damara Tern Sternula balaenarum

Family: Laridae (Gulls, Terns, Skimmers)

Authority: Strickland, 1852

Red List Category

Criteria: C2a(ii)

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Justification of Red List category

A more recent comprehensive review of the species's population status estimates the global population to number up to 5,730 breeding individuals (Braby 2011). The continuing demand on Namibia’s beaches (holding 87-93% of the population) by off-road vehicles, the diamond mining and the residential development is currently impacting the population and will likely continue in the future. Based on the estimated population size of <10,000 mature individuals, which is suspected to be undergoing a continuing population decline, this species has been listed as Vulnerable.

Population size: 2002-5370

Population trend: Decreasing

Extent of occurrence (breeding/resident): 1,350,000 km2

Country endemic: No

Land-mass type - continent
Realm - Afrotropical
IUCN Ecosystem -- Terrestrial biome
IUCN Ecosystem -- Marine biome

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Sternula balaenarum. Downloaded from on 18/09/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 18/09/2021.