Damara Tern Sternula balaenarum

Family: Laridae (Gulls, Terns, Skimmers)

Authority: Strickland, 1852

Red List Category

Criteria: C2a(ii)

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Justification of Red List category

A more recent comprehensive review of the species’ population status estimates the global population to number up to 5,730 breeding individuals (Brady 2011). The continuing demand on Namibia’s beaches (holding 87-93% of the population) by off-road vehicles, the diamond mining and the residential development is currently impacting the population (three colonies extinct and six declining) and will probably impact most colonies in the future. Based on the updated global population of <10,000 individuals, inferred to be undergoing a continuing population decline, this species has been listed as Vulnerable.

Population size: 2002-5370

Population trend: Decreasing

Extent of occurrence (breeding/resident): 1,350,000 km2

Country endemic: No

Land-mass type - continent
Realm - Afrotropical
IUCN Ecosystem -- Terrestrial biome
IUCN Ecosystem -- Marine biome

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2018) Species factsheet: Sternula balaenarum. Downloaded from on 18/11/2018. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2018) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 18/11/2018.