CR (PE)
Eskimo Curlew Numenius borealis



Family: Scolopacidae (Sandpipers, Snipes, Phalaropes)

Authority: (Forster, 1772)

Red List Category

Criteria: D

Click here for more information about the Red List categories and criteria

Justification of Red List category
This species has not been recorded with certainty since 1963 (and none have been confirmed on the wintering grounds since 1939). It was formerly abundant, but declined rapidly over a century ago as a result of hunting and habitat loss and is now considered likely to be extinct (Elphick et. al. 2010, Roberts & Jarić 2016). However, some uncertainty of the species's extinction status remains (Roberts & Jarić 2016, D. Roberts in litt. 2016) and the species is therefore listed as Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct).



Population size: 1-49

Population trend: Unknown

Distribution size (breeding/resident): 1 km2

Country endemic: No

Attributes
Land-mass type - continent
Realm - Nearctic
Realm - Neotropical
IUCN Ecosystem -- Terrestrial biome

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Numenius borealis. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 11/12/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 11/12/2016.