Salvin's Albatross Thalassarche salvini


Taxonomic source(s)
Brooke, M. de L. 2004. Albatrosses and Petrels Across the World. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
Robertson, C. J. R.; Nunn, G. B. 1998. Towards a new taxonomy for albatrosses. In: Robertson, G.; Gales, R. (ed.), Albatross biology and conservation, pp. 13-19. Surrey Beatty & Sons, Chipping Norton, Australia.

IUCN Red List criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - D2

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2018 Vulnerable D2
2016 Vulnerable D2
2012 Vulnerable D2
2010 Vulnerable D2
2008 Vulnerable D2
2005 Vulnerable
2004 Vulnerable
2003 Vulnerable
2000 Vulnerable
1994 Not Recognised
1988 Not Recognised
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency does not normally occur in forest
Land-mass type Average mass -

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 142,000,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 43,400,000 medium
Area of Occupancy breeding/resident (km2) 1 medium
Number of locations 2 -
Severely fragmented? no -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
Number of mature individuals 79990 medium estimated 1998
Population trend unknown poor 1978-2046
Number of subpopulations 2 - - -
Generation length (years) 23.1 - - -

Population justification: Baker et al. (2014) estimated 39,995 breeding pairs on the Bounty Islands, which represents 99% of the global population; this is equivalent to 79,990 mature individuals, or roughly 110,000 total individuals.

Trend justification: In 1998, the population on the Bounty Islands (99% total) was estimated to be 30,750 breeding pairs (Clark et al. 1998, A. M. Booth in litt. 1999) compared to the estimate in 1978 of 76,000 breeding pairs (Robertson and van Tets 1982). Although census methods differed between years making comparisons difficult, island-wide ground counts of breeding birds during incubation on Proclamation Island resulted in totals that declined 14% from 3065 in 1997 to 2634 in 2004; a count of breeding albatrosses over part of the island in 2011 indicated a further decline of 13% between 2004 and 2011 and an overall decrease of 30% 1997-2011 (Sagar et al. 2015). In addition, in 2010 and 2013, aerial surveys of all breeding sites in the Bounty Islands and ground counts on Proclamation Island provided an estimation of 31,786 and 39,995 breeding pairs in 2010 and 2013, respectively. Nevertheless, due to methodological differences, it is not possible to combine all data sets and further studies using the same methodology is necessary to assess the population trend.

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Presence Origin Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Australia extant native yes
Chile extant native yes
French Southern Territories extant native yes
Heard Island and McDonald Islands (to Australia) extant native yes
Namibia extant native yes
New Zealand extant native yes
Peru extant native yes
South Africa extant native yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
New Zealand Bounty Islands
New Zealand Western Chain
New Zealand Kaikoura (offshore)
New Zealand Snares (offshore)
New Zealand Bounty Islands (nearshore)
New Zealand Bounty (offshore)

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Sea Cliffs and Rocky Offshore Islands major breeding
Marine Neritic Pelagic major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Pelagic major breeding
Marine Oceanic Epipelagic (0-200m) major non-breeding
Marine Oceanic Epipelagic (0-200m) major breeding
Altitude 0 - 50 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Biological resource use Fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - Unintentional effects: (large scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Whole (>90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 7
Species mortality

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Thalassarche salvini. Downloaded from on 30/09/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 30/09/2023.