NT
Harpy Eagle Harpia harpyja



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
SACC. 2005 and updates. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.htm#.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Near Threatened A2cd+3cd+4cd
2013 Near Threatened A2cd+3cd+4cd
2012 Near Threatened A2cd+3cd+4cd
2008 Near Threatened A2c,d; A3c,d; A4c,d
2004 Near Threatened
2000 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1994 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1988 Threatened
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency High
Land mass type Land-mass type - continent
Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 17,600,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals medium estimated 0
Population trend Decreasing poor suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) 25-29 - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) 25-29 - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 18.5 - - -

Population justification: Partners in Flight estimated the population to number fewer than 50,000 individuals (A. Panjabi in litt. 2008), thus it is placed in the band 20,000-49,999 individuals here.

Trend justification: This species is suspected to lose 27.6-45.5% of suitable habitat within its distribution over three generations (56 years) based on a model of Amazonian deforestation (Soares-Filho et al. 2006, Bird et al. 2011). However, losses outside Amazonia are judged to be likely to be lower (A. Lees in litt. 2011), so the species is therefore suspected to decline by 25-29% over three generations.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Argentina N Extant Yes
Belize N Extant Yes
Bolivia N Extant Yes
Brazil N Extant Yes
Colombia N Extant Yes
Costa Rica N Extant Yes
Ecuador N Extant Yes
French Guiana N Extant Yes
Guatemala N Extant Yes
Guyana N Extant Yes
Honduras N Extant Yes
Mexico N Extant Yes
Nicaragua N Extant Yes
Panama N Extant Yes
Paraguay N Extant Yes
Peru N Extant Yes
Suriname N Extant Yes
Venezuela N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Bolivia Yungas Inferiores de Madidi
Bolivia Noel Kempff Mercado
Bolivia Reserva de Inmovilización Iténez
Bolivia Reserva Nacional Amazónica Manuripi Heath
Colombia Eco-parque Los Besotes
Colombia Parque Nacional Natural Los Katíos
Colombia Reserva Regional Bajo Cauca Nechí
Ecuador Gran Yasuní
Ecuador Territorio Achuar
Ecuador Verde-Ónzole-Cayapas-Canandé
Peru Cuenca Río Nanay
Peru Manu
Peru Parque Nacional Cordillera Azul
Peru Reserva Nacional Pacaya Samiria
Peru Río Orosa
Peru Alto Purus
Venezuela Parque Nacional Canaima
Venezuela Parque Nacional Duida-Marahuaca
Venezuela Parque Nacional Guatopo
Venezuela Henri Pittier National Park (Parque Nacional Henri Pittier IBA)
Venezuela Reserva Forestal Imataca
Venezuela Campamento Junglaven
Venezuela Parque Nacional Mariusa-Delta del Orinoco
Venezuela Parque Nacional Parima-Tapirapecó
Venezuela Parque Nacional Perijá
Venezuela Parque Nacional San Esteban
Venezuela Parque Nacional Serranía La Neblina
Venezuela Monumento Natural Tepui Guaiquinima
Peru Los Amigos
Colombia Parque Nacional Natural Ensenada de Utría
Ecuador Reserva de Producción Faunística Cuyabeno
Ecuador Bajo Napo
Colombia Parque Nacional Natural Chiribiquete
Panama Darién National Park
Costa Rica Sierpe Wetlands and Osa Peninsula
Panama La Amistad International Park
Nicaragua San Juan River - La Inmaculada Concepcion de Maria
Nicaragua Indio Maíz
Nicaragua Bosawas
Nicaragua Punta Gorda
Argentina Parque Provincial Urugua-í
Argentina Sierra Morena
Argentina Cuenca del Piray Miní
Argentina Alta cuenca del arroyo Piray Guazú
Argentina Reserva de la Biósfera Yabotí
Belize Rio Bravo CMA Gallon Jug Estate
Belize Maya Mountains and southern reserves
Brazil Parque Nacional Montanhas do Tumucumaque
Brazil Serra dos Carajás
Brazil Arquipélago de Anavilhanas
Brazil Mamirauá
Brazil Parque Nacional da Chapada dos Guimarães e Adjacências
Brazil Estação Ecológica Serra das Araras
Brazil Caxiuanã / Portel
Brazil Rio Capim
Brazil Parque Nacional da Amazônia
Brazil Cristalino / Serra do Cachimbo
Brazil Vale do Guaporé
Brazil Ji-Paraná / Roosevelt
Brazil Campinas e Várzeas do Rio Branco
Brazil Parque Nacional do Jaú
Brazil Sooretama / Linhares
Brazil Reserva Particular do Patrimônio Natural SESC Pantanal e Entorno
Brazil Serra do Tabuleiro State Park
Brazil Guaraqueçaba / Jacupiranga / Cananéia
Brazil Parque Nacional de Itatiaia
Brazil Parque Estadual do Cantão
Colombia Estación Biológica Mosiro-Itajura
Honduras Rio Platano
Honduras Tawahka
Honduras Parque Nacional Patuca
Suriname Bakhuys mountains
Suriname Centraal Suriname Nature Reserve (CSNR)
Suriname Grensgebergte/Toemoek-hoemak
Suriname Kabalebo / Arapahu
Brazil Área de Relevante Interesse Ecológico Projeto Dinâmica Biológica de Fragmentos Florestais e Entorno
Brazil Parque Nacional da Serra da Bodoquena e Entorno
Brazil Reserva Biológica do Rio Trombetas
French Guiana Parc Amazonien de Guyane et Saül
French Guiana Nouragues
French Guiana Trinité
Peru Tambopata
Peru Bahuaja-Sonene
Guyana Karaw/Aruka
Guyana Mapari - Kanuku Mountain
Colombia Serranía de las Minas
Brazil Saltos das Andorinhas e de Dardanelos
Colombia Gaoyá - Leguízamo

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Altitude 0 - 900 m Occasional altitudinal limits (max) 2000 m

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Species mortality
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Persecution/control Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species mortality
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting - Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Problematic native species/diseases Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Competition

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Harpia harpyja. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 05/08/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 05/08/2020.