NT
Harpy Eagle Harpia harpyja



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
SACC. 2005 and updates. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.htm#.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Near Threatened A2cd+3cd+4cd
2013 Near Threatened A2cd+3cd+4cd
2012 Near Threatened A2cd+3cd+4cd
2008 Near Threatened A2c,d; A3c,d; A4c,d
2004 Near Threatened
2000 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1994 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1988 Threatened
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency High
Land mass type Land-mass type - continent
Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 17,600,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals medium estimated 0
Population trend Decreasing poor suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) 25-29 - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) 25-29 - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 18.5 - - -

Population justification: Partners in Flight estimated the population to number fewer than 50,000 individuals (A. Panjabi in litt. 2008), thus it is placed in the band 20,000-49,999 individuals here.

Trend justification: This species is suspected to lose 27.6-45.5% of suitable habitat within its distribution over three generations (56 years) based on a model of Amazonian deforestation (Soares-Filho et al. 2006, Bird et al. 2011). However, losses outside Amazonia are judged to be likely to be lower (A. Lees in litt. 2011), so the species is therefore suspected to decline by 25-29% over three generations.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Argentina N Extant Yes
Belize N Extant Yes
Bolivia N Extant Yes
Brazil N Extant Yes
Colombia N Extant Yes
Costa Rica N Extant Yes
Ecuador N Extant Yes
French Guiana N Extant Yes
Guatemala N Extant Yes
Guyana N Extant Yes
Honduras N Extant Yes
Mexico N Extant Yes
Nicaragua N Extant Yes
Panama N Extant Yes
Paraguay N Extant Yes
Peru N Extant Yes
Suriname N Extant Yes
Venezuela N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Argentina Alta cuenca del arroyo Piray Guazú
Argentina Cuenca del Piray Miní
Argentina Parque Provincial Urugua-í
Argentina Reserva de la Biósfera Yabotí
Argentina Sierra Morena
Belize Maya Mountains and southern reserves
Belize Rio Bravo CMA Gallon Jug Estate
Bolivia Noel Kempff Mercado
Bolivia Reserva de Inmovilización Iténez
Bolivia Reserva Nacional Amazónica Manuripi Heath
Bolivia Yungas Inferiores de Madidi
Brazil Área de Relevante Interesse Ecológico Projeto Dinâmica Biológica de Fragmentos Florestais e Entorno
Brazil Arquipélago de Anavilhanas
Brazil Campinas e Várzeas do Rio Branco
Brazil Caxiuanã / Portel
Brazil Cristalino / Serra do Cachimbo
Brazil Estação Ecológica Serra das Araras
Brazil Guaraqueçaba / Jacupiranga / Cananéia
Brazil Ji-Paraná / Roosevelt
Brazil Mamirauá
Brazil Parque Estadual do Cantão
Brazil Parque Nacional da Amazônia
Brazil Parque Nacional da Chapada dos Guimarães e Adjacências
Brazil Parque Nacional da Serra da Bodoquena e Entorno
Brazil Parque Nacional de Itatiaia
Brazil Parque Nacional do Jaú
Brazil Parque Nacional Montanhas do Tumucumaque
Brazil Reserva Biológica do Rio Trombetas
Brazil Reserva Particular do Patrimônio Natural SESC Pantanal e Entorno
Brazil Rio Capim
Brazil Saltos das Andorinhas e de Dardanelos
Brazil Serra do Tabuleiro State Park
Brazil Serra dos Carajás
Brazil Sooretama / Linhares
Brazil Vale do Guaporé
Colombia Estación Biológica Mosiro-Itajura
Colombia Parque Nacional Natural Chiribiquete
Colombia Parque Nacional Natural Ensenada de Utría
Colombia Parque Nacional Natural Los Katíos
Colombia Reserva Regional Bajo Cauca Nechí
Colombia Serranía de las Minas
Costa Rica Sierpe Wetlands and Osa Peninsula
Ecuador Bajo Napo
Ecuador Gran Yasuní
Ecuador Reserva de Producción Faunística Cuyabeno
Ecuador Territorio Achuar
French Guiana Nouragues
French Guiana Parc Amazonien de Guyane et Saül
French Guiana Trinité
Guyana Karaw/Aruka
Guyana Mapari - Kanuku Mountain
Honduras Parque Nacional Patuca
Honduras Rio Platano
Honduras Tawahka
Nicaragua Bosawas
Nicaragua Indio Maíz
Nicaragua Punta Gorda
Nicaragua San Juan River - La Inmaculada Concepcion de Maria
Panama Darién National Park
Panama La Amistad International Park
Peru Alto Purus
Peru Bahuaja-Sonene
Peru Cuenca Río Nanay
Peru Manu
Peru Parque Nacional Cordillera Azul
Peru Reserva Nacional Pacaya Samiria
Peru Río Orosa
Peru Tambopata
Suriname Bakhuys mountains
Suriname Centraal Suriname Nature Reserve (CSNR)
Suriname Grensgebergte/Toemoek-hoemak
Suriname Kabalebo / Arapahu
Venezuela Campamento Junglaven
Venezuela Henri Pittier National Park (Parque Nacional Henri Pittier IBA)
Venezuela Monumento Natural Tepui Guaiquinima
Venezuela Parque Nacional Canaima
Venezuela Parque Nacional Duida-Marahuaca
Venezuela Parque Nacional Guatopo
Venezuela Parque Nacional Mariusa-Delta del Orinoco
Venezuela Parque Nacional Parima-Tapirapecó
Venezuela Parque Nacional Perijá
Venezuela Parque Nacional San Esteban
Venezuela Parque Nacional Serranía La Neblina
Venezuela Reserva Forestal Imataca

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Altitude 0 - 900 m Occasional altitudinal limits (max) 2000 m

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Species mortality
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Persecution/control Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species mortality
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting - Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Problematic native species/diseases Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Competition

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Harpia harpyja. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/04/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/04/2019.