Black Scoter Melanitta americana

Family: Anatidae (Ducks, Geese, Swans)

Authority: (Swainson, 1832)

Red List Category

Criteria: A2bce+3bce+4bce

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Justification of Red List category
This species is listed as Near Threatened on the basis that it is suspected to be undergoing a moderately rapid population decline owing to a number of widespread threats.

Population size: 350000-560000 mature individuals

Population trend: decreasing

Extent of occurrence (breeding/resident): 17,700,000 km2

Country endemic: no

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Melanitta americana. Downloaded from http://datazone.birdlife.org/species/factsheet/black-scoter-melanitta-americana on 01/12/2023.
Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://datazone.birdlife.org on 01/12/2023.