Red List Category
for more information about the Red List categories and criteria
Justification of Red List category
Within its European range it has experienced moderate declines, and although the majority of the population occurs outside Europe, it is suspected that at least some declines are occurring elsewhere in its range. It is therefore precautionarily uplisted to Near Threatened as it almost meets the requirements for listing as threatened under criteria A2b+3b+4b. More research is needed in Asian Russia to confirm the overall population trend.
Distribution size (breeding/resident):
Realm - Nearctic - realm
Realm - Palearctic - realm
IUCN Ecosystem -- Terrestrial biome