Red List Category
for more information about the Red List categories and criteria
Justification of Red List category
This species has a small range in which forest has been extensively cleared and fragmented. Despite inhabiting edge environments and even nesting in human-modified habitats, it appears intolerant of forest fragmentation, suggesting that it is declining. However, an elucidation of its habitat requirements or improved knowledge of its distribution, especially in Nicaragua, may result in the species being downlisted to Near Threatened.
6000-15000 mature individuals
Distribution size (breeding/resident):
Land-mass type - continent - Continents are land masses > bigger than Australia (=7,682,300 sq km).
Realm - Neotropical - realm
IUCN Ecosystem -- Freshwater biome
IUCN Ecosystem -- Terrestrial biome