Red List Category
for more information about the Red List categories and criteria
Justification of Red List category
This species is classified as Endangered because it has a very small, fragmented and declining breeding range and population. It has already been extirpated from some sites, and declines are likely to continue as a result of habitat loss and degradation, hunting and invasive predators.
5000 mature individuals
Distribution size (breeding/resident):
Land-mass type - oceanic island - Oceanic islands are islands or island groups that are <200,000 sq km in size and separated from other land masses by >200 m sea depth. Generally Oceanic islands are islands or island groups that are <200,000 sq km in size and separated from other land masses by >200 m sea depth. Generally they have never been connected to a continental area by a land-ridge, and are volcanic in origin.
Realm - Nearctic - realm
Realm - Neotropical - realm
IUCN Ecosystem -- Marine biome
IUCN Ecosystem -- Terrestrial biome
USFWS - Bird of Conservation Concern - Species listed by US Fish and Wildlife Service