NT
Black-headed Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus



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Red List Category

Criteria: A2bcd+3bcd+4bcd

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Justification of Red List category
In common with most large wetland species in Asia, this species is undergoing a population reduction, which is suspected to be moderately rapid. It faces the full gambit of threats, from hunting and disturbance at breeding colonies to drainage and conversion of foraging habitats to agriculture. It consequently qualifies as Near Threatened.

Population size: 10000-19999 mature individuals

Population trend: Decreasing

Distribution size (breeding/resident): 1,560,000 km2

Country endemic: No

Attributes
Land-mass type - continent - Continents are land masses > bigger than Australia (=7,682,300 sq km).
Land-mass type - shelf island - Continental islands include all other islands or island groups. Generally they were once part of continents and lie on a continental shelf of < 200 m sea depth.
Realm - Indomalayan - realm
Realm - Palearctic - realm
IUCN Ecosystem -- Freshwater biome
IUCN Ecosystem -- Terrestrial biome
IUCN Ecosystem -- Marine biome

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Threskiornis melanocephalus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 06/12/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 06/12/2016.