Red List Category
for more information about the Red List categories and criteria
Justification of Red List category
This species has a small, declining population, principally as a result of the reclamation of tidal mudflats, estuarine habitats and offshore breeding islands for industry, infrastructure development and aquaculture. These factors qualify it as Vulnerable.
2500-9999 mature individuals
Distribution size (breeding/resident):
Land-mass type - continent - Continents are land masses > bigger than Australia (=7,682,300 sq km).
Realm - Indomalayan - realm
Realm - Palearctic - realm
IUCN Ecosystem -- Terrestrial biome
IUCN Ecosystem -- Marine biome