Galapagos Rail Laterallus spilonota

Family: Rallidae (Rails, Gallinules, Coots)

Authority: (Gould, 1841)

Red List Category

Criteria: C1+2a(i)

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Justification of Red List category
This species is restricted to a small range on just a few islands. The population is declining owing to the ongoing effects of introduced plants, herbivores and predators and the continuing destruction and degradation of habitat, which have already led to local extinctions. The species is therefore listed as Vulnerable.

Population size: 3300-6700

Population trend: Decreasing

Extent of occurrence (breeding/resident): 15,100 km2

Country endemic: Yes

Land-mass type - oceanic island
Realm - Neotropical
IUCN Ecosystem -- Freshwater biome
IUCN Ecosystem -- Terrestrial biome

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Laterallus spilonota. Downloaded from on 06/02/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 06/02/2023.