Spotted Imperial-pigeon Ducula carola

Family: Columbidae (Pigeons, Doves)

Authority: (Bonaparte, 1854)

Red List Category

Criteria: C2a(i)

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Justification of Red List category
This nomadic species has a small population which is likely to be declining owing to forest loss throughout its range, compounded by widespread hunting, qualifying it as Vulnerable.

Population size: 1200-3200, 2000-3200 mature individuals

Population trend: decreasing

Extent of occurrence (breeding/resident): 603,000 km2

Country endemic: yes

Land-mass type - shelf island
Realm - Indomalayan
IUCN Ecosystem -- Terrestrial biome

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Ducula carola. Downloaded from on 08/12/2023.
Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 08/12/2023.