CR
Orange-bellied Parrot Neophema chrysogaster



Family: Psittacidae (Parrots)

Authority: (Latham, 1790)

Red List Category

Criteria: A2ace; C2a(i,ii); D

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Justification of Red List category
This species has an extremely small wild population (<30 mature individuals) and is now known to breed at only one site, where it appears to have undergone an extremely rapid recent decline. Reasons for this recent decline are unclear, though the species has suffered from previous loss, fragmentation and degradation of winter habitat, and changes to fire regime in breeding habitat. Likely causes of the recent decline are outbreak of Psittacine Beak and Feather Disease in 2014 and the effects of a ten-year drought on productivity of saltmarsh plants in the winter habitat reducing the breeding condition of females.  It is also likely that the lack of habitat burns in the preferred breeding habitat has reduced the availability and quality of preferred food plants. It is therefore classified as Critically Endangered. Extinction in the wild has been predicted to take place within 3-5 years, and a captive population is being managed as an insurance and to help bolster the wild population through strategic releases. With such a small population it is crucial that the wild and captive populations are managed through a metapopulation approach to maximise genetic variability and minimise risks.   



Population size: 20-25

Population trend: Decreasing

Extent of occurrence (breeding/resident): 12,800 km2

Country endemic: Yes

Attributes
Land-mass type - shelf island
Realm - Oceanic
IUCN Ecosystem -- Freshwater biome
IUCN Ecosystem -- Terrestrial biome
IUCN Ecosystem -- Marine biome

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2017) Species factsheet: Neophema chrysogaster. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/10/2017. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2017) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/10/2017.