Red List Category
for more information about the Red List categories and criteria
Justification of Red List category
This species is listed as Least Concern as its population is now growing rapidly and has not undergone the once-predicted declines. Despite its current population trend, the species remains potentially threatened by a number of factors. It tends to congregate in very large flocks, and suffered rapid declines in many parts of its range during the twentieth century because of hunting and other threats. Its roost sites are unprotected, large numbers died in a recent disease outbreak, and most importantly, the dry rice paddies where it feeds are being converted to vegetable farms and other uses. If evidence arises in the future that these threats have begun to drive a decline, the species may warrant uplisting.
Distribution size (breeding/resident):
Land-mass type - continent - Continents are land masses > bigger than Australia (=7,682,300 sq km).
Realm - Palearctic - realm
Realm - Indomalayan - realm
IUCN Ecosystem -- Freshwater biome
IUCN Ecosystem -- Terrestrial biome