White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala

Family: Anatidae (Ducks, Geese, Swans)

Authority: (Scopoli, 1769)

Red List Category

Criteria: A2bcde+4bcde

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Justification of Red List category
Despite uncertainty about the possible large-scale inter-year movement of birds between wintering sites, mid-winter counts indicate that the population of this species has undergone a very rapid decline, which qualifies it as Endangered. The total population is now known to be considerably higher than the total recorded during these mid-winter counts, leading to some doubt about the accuracy of global trend estimates calculated solely from winter counts. It is retained as Endangered pending better data from more comprehensive winter counts providing clarity on the overall trend.

Population size: 5300-8700 mature individuals

Population trend: decreasing

Extent of occurrence (breeding/resident): 17,600,000 km2

Country endemic: no

Land-mass type - continent
Realm - Indomalayan
Realm - Palearctic
IUCN Ecosystem -- Freshwater biome
IUCN Ecosystem -- Terrestrial biome

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Species factsheet: Oxyura leucocephala. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org/species/factsheet/white-headed-duck-oxyura-leucocephala on 26/02/2024.
Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2024) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org on 26/02/2024.