Global IBA Criteria

A1. Globally threatened species

Criterion: The site is known or thought regularly to hold significant numbers of a globally threatened species.

Notes: The site qualifies if it is known, estimated or thought to hold a population of a species categorized by the IUCN Red List as Critically Endangered, Endangered or Vulnerable. In general, the regular presence of a Critical or Endangered species, irrespective of population size, at a site may be sufficient for a site to qualify as an IBA. For Vulnerable species, the presence of more than threshold numbers at a site is necessary to trigger selection.

A2. Restricted-range species

Criterion: The site is known or thought to hold a significant component of a group of species whose breeding distributions define an Endemic Bird Area (EBA) or Secondary Area (SA).

Notes: This category is for species of Endemic Bird Areas (EBAs).  EBAs are defined as places where two or more species of restricted range, i.e. with world distributions of less than 50,000 km2, occur together.  More than 70% of such species are also globally threatened.  Also included here are species of Secondary Areas.  A Secondary Area (SA) supports one or more restricted-range species, but does not qualify as an EBA because less than two species are entirely confined to it.  Typical SAs include single restricted-range species which do not overlap in distribution with any other such species, and places where there are widely disjunct records of one or more restricted-range species, which are clearly geographically separate from any of the EBAs.

A3. Biome-restricted species

Criterion: The site is known or thought to hold a significant component of the group of species whose distributions are largely or wholly confined to one biome.

Notes: This category applies to groups of species with largely shared distributions which occur mostly or wholly within all or part of a particular biome and are, therefore, of global importance.  As with EBAs, it is necessary that a network of sites be chosen to protect adequately all species confined to each biome and, as necessary, in each range state in which the biome occurs.  The 'significant component' term in the Criterion is intended to avoid selecting sites solely on the presence of one or more biome-restricted species that are common and adaptable within the EBA and, therefore, occur at other chosen sites.  Additional sites may, however, be chosen for the presence of one or a few species which would, e.g. for reasons of particular habitat requirements, be otherwise under-represented.

A4. Congregations

Criterion: The site is known or thought to hold congregations of ≥1% of the global population of one or more species on a regular or predictable basis.

Notes: This criterion can be applied to seasonal (breeding, wintering or migratory) congregations of any waterbird, seabird or terrestrial bird species. Sites can qualify whether thresholds are exceeded simultaneously or cumulatively, within a limited period.  In this way, the criterion covers situations where a rapid turnover of birds takes place (including, for example, for migratory landbirds).