Tuz Lake This is an IBA in danger! 

Country/territory: Turkey

IBA Criteria met: A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1iii, B2, B3 (2004)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 533,565 ha

Doga Dernegi
Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2016 very high very unfavourable low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

Site description
Two major streams, groundwater, and surface water feed the second largest lake in Turkey (max. 190,000 ha, max. spring depth 1.5 m). Brackish marshes have formed where channels and streams enter the lake. Tuz lake is extremely saline and almost completely dries up during the summer. The lake is surrounded by arable fields, except in the south and south-west where extensive seasonally-flooded salt-steppe occurs. Economic activities include salt extraction.

Key biodiversity
The main Turkish breeding colony of Phoenicopterus ruber is present on a group of islands in the southern part of the lake. Falco naumanni is a common breeder in surrounding villages.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Tuz Lake. Downloaded from on 26/03/2023.