Tuscan Archipelago

Country/territory: Italy

IBA Criteria met: A1, A3, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6 (2015)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 463,091 ha

Lega Italiana Protezione Uccelli

Site description
A complex of seven small islands between Tuscany and Corse (Montecristo, Giannutri, Gorgona, Capraia, Elba, Giglio e Pianosa). They are mainly covered by maquis, garrigue, sclerophyllous scrub, pine woodlands and have many rocky cliffs. Some have evergreen woodlands, grasslands and agricultural land. The main land-uses are tourism, fishing, boating and agriculture.

Key biodiversity
The islands support five of the 21 species of the Mediterranean biome, as well as breeding Calonectris diomedea, Puffinus yelkouan and Larus audouinii, among other seabirds.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Tuscan Archipelago. Downloaded from on 07/12/2022.