|Most recent IBA monitoring assessment|
|Year of assessment||Threat score (pressure)||Condition score (state)||Action score (response)|
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The IBA is a steppe lake 60 km to the north-west of the town of Karkaralinsk, 15 km to the north-east of the railway station of “Novy Put” (Karkaraly district), and 11 km to the west of Karasor Lake (a neighbouring IBA). The local name of the site is Baikazan. The IBA is a shallow, salty, closed waterbody of almost regular circular configuration, about 4 km in diameter, with a depth of 3-5 m, set in a typically hilly landscape. Fish are absent. A rather narrow belt of reeds runs along the shoreline. Two riverbeds, turning in summer into dried up channels, enter the lake. The most common soils are loam and rubble-loam; the hillsides are dotted with rock outcrops. Typical steppe and semi-desert faunal communities occur on the surrounding areas giving way to wetland communities in the shoreline depressions and riverbeds. Stipa, Festuca and Artemisia sps. form the predominant vegetation. Patches of Asiagrostis splendens and Karagana, frequently 1 m tall, and, in the hills, Spirea sp. are not uncommon.
The typical assemblage of steppe and shorebird species.
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Saumalkol Lake. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/11/2020.