It is a place of high population density announced by UNESCO/ United nations as an inherited historical region (inherited culture). It follows the basin of the Mediterranean Sea region. Forests covered it.
The walls of Jerusalem and the high buildings are considered as a shelter for some birds especially the Lesser Kestrel bird that is categorized by the Birdlife International (Middle East Division) as a threatened bird. The Lesser Kestrel is found in this area and it is one of the birds that are internationally threatened in walls of Jerusalem region. It is registered about 80 nestlings. These birds nestle at springtime annually in Jerusalem walls and the old buildings walls; this bird eat the mouses, insects, and reptiles. The White stork birds also pass above the east side of Jerusalem city especially the olive mount region.
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Jerusalem (east). Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 03/12/2020.