The site covers the foothills of the Sistema Central, immediately to the north of Madrid. It is an area of dehesa and grassland.
Breeding birds include six of the 20 species in Europe that are restricted to the Mediterranean biome (when breeding).
BirdLife International (2019) Important Bird Areas factsheet: El Pardo-Viñuelas. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 11/12/2019.