KE037
Dunga swamp


IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 1999 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Papyrus Gonolek Laniarius mufumbiri NT resident 1999 present A1, A3
Carruthers's Cisticola Cisticola carruthersi LC resident 1999 present A3
Papyrus Yellow Warbler Calamonastides gracilirostris VU resident 1999 present A1, A3
White-winged Swamp-warbler Bradypterus carpalis LC resident 1999 present A3
Black-lored Babbler Turdoides sharpei LC resident 1999 present A3
Red-chested Sunbird Cinnyris erythrocercus LC resident 1999 present A3
Northern Brown-throated Weaver Ploceus castanops LC resident 1999 present A3
Papyrus Canary Crithagra koliensis LC resident 1999 present A3

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (1999).


IBA Conservation

IBA conservation assessment
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2022 unfavourable very high low
Was the whole site assessed? State assessed by Accuracy of information
yes habitat good

State (condition of the trigger species' habitats)
Habitat Habitat detail Reference area (ha) Actual area (ha) Habitat quantity (% remaining) Habitat quality (carrying capacity) Result
Wetlands (inland) Permanent herbaceous swamps and bogs 0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable
Wetlands (inland) Rivers & streams 0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable

Pressure (threats to the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Biological resource use fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - intentional use: subsistence/sml scale happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - motivation unknown/unrecorded likely in short term (within 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Climate change and severe weather drought happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Climate change and severe weather storms and floods happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration medium
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Pollution air-borne pollutants - type unknown/unrecorded likely in short term (within 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - type unknown/unrecorded happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Pollution excess energy - noise pollution likely in short term (within 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Pollution garbage & solid waste happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Residential and commercial development commercial and industrial development happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Response (conservation actions taken for the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Little/none of site covered (<10%) A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Some limited conservation initiatives are in place low
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here

Local Conservation Groups

The Local Conservation Groups listed below are working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
Dunga Ecotourism and Environment Team 1997
Jonam Ecotourism Youth Group 1997
Lake Victoria Sunset Birders 1997
For more information on BirdLife's work with Local Conservation Groups, please click here.

Habitats

Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Permanent herbaceous swamps and bogs, Rivers & streams -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
fisheries/aquaculture -
other -


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Important Bird Area factsheet: Dunga swamp. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org/site/factsheet/dunga-swamp-iba-kenya on 28/02/2024.