Boni and Dodori National Reserves

Country/territory: Kenya

IBA criteria met: A1, A3 (2014)
For more information about IBA criteria, please click here

Area: 249,600 ha

IBA conservation status
Year of assessment (most recent) Threat (pressure) Condition (state) Action (response)
2021 very high very unfavourable low
For more information about IBA monitoring, please click here

Site summary
The Boni National Reserve (1,339 km2) and Dodori National Reserve (877km 2) lie on the north-east coast of Kenya near the Kenya-Somalia border, i Lamu and Garrisa counties  in far eastern Kenya. At South 01°43', East 041°10 at an altitude of 0-100m. The two sites have been recognized for the conservation of biodiversity of global importance by being listed with the Eastern Arc Mountains and Coastal Forest of Biodiversity Hotspot (Burgess, et all., 2003) for containing endemic and globally threatened biodiversity.

The two forests have also become very important for the conservation of the globally threatened mammal species. like the critically endangered Ader's Duiker Cephalophus adersi .Sightings of the endangered Wild dog Lycaon pictus and the endangered hirola Beatraus hunteri have been recorded before (Githiru et al, 2007).

The forests that lie between the two sites are not legally protected. The indigenous Awer and Watta people who live within the forest believe the Boni forest is their own and do not understand the implications of gazettement.

The soils are infertile and mostly sandy, they loose their fertility after a few years leading to opening of more areas.

Administration of the Conservation Leadership Program (CLP) for funding the team, Dr Kimwele-University of Nairobi, Simon Musila- Mammalogy Section-NMK, Fleur Ngw'eno-Nature Kenya, David Ngala and Johnson Kafulo (Arabuko-Sokoke Forest Guides Association, Jasho Bomu, Francis Kagema, Mohamed Alale Abala, Abdul assan Murisa, Shizo Ali Mohammed and Hadja Gurumaa and Mohammed Maloo.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Boni and Dodori National Reserves. Downloaded from on 29/05/2023.