Site description (2000 baseline)
Situated on the Hungarian Great Plain east of the River Tisza, Hortobágy is the largest puszta landscape in Hungary; an open plain dominated by saline grasslands and extensive arable lands. Depressions contain saline marshlands, with seasonal wetlands appearing in spring and autumn. Fish-ponds cover about 5,000 ha. Human activities include arable farming, cattle- and sheep-grazing, goose-farming, haymaking, angling, birdwatching, hunting and reed-harvesting (`Other' land-use, below). This area includes four sites that were treated as separate IBAs in the previous international IBA inventory (Grimmett and Jones 1989): `Hortobágy' (former site HU016), `Pusztakócsi mocsarak' (former site HU018), `ágota-puszta' (former site HU020) and `Nagyszék' (former site HU043).
The most important site in Hungary for steppic birds and waterbirds.
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Hortobágy and Tisza-to. Downloaded from http://datazone.birdlife.org/site/factsheet/hortobágy-and-tisza-to-iba-hungary on 04/12/2023.