s098
Sabah lowlands

Country/Territory Malaysia
Area 0 km2
Altitude 0 - 0 m
Priority -
Habitat loss -
Knowledge -

General characteristics

This Secondary Area includes the lowlands of the state of Sabah in East Malaysia, in the northern part of the island of Borneo (see map, p. 484). It is defined by the range of White-fronted Falconet Microhierax latifrons, which is found in lowland and hill forest, forest edge and agricultural land below c.1,200 m (MacKinnon and Phillipps 1993). White-crowned Shama Copsychus stricklandii, a restricted-range bird which occurs in lowland forest in this Secondary Area (but also ranges into northern Kalimantan), was treated as a full species by Sibley and Monroe (1990, 1993) but is here considered to be a form of the more widespread White-rumped Shama C. malabaricus following Andrew (1992). The Secondary Area is adjacent to the Bornean mountains (EBA 157), but the birds of that EBA mainly occur in higher-altitude montane habitats. The main threat to the Secondary Area is deforestation, as a result of logging and forest fires (Collins et al. 1991), but M. latifrons appears able to adapt to disturbed habitats, and there are up to 18 protected areas in Sabah which include areas of lowland rain forest (IUCN 1992c). The lowland rain forests of Borneo support several widespread threatened species (Collar et al. 1994).

Restricted-range species


Species IUCN Category
White-fronted Falconet (Microhierax latifrons) NT

Important Bird Areas (IBAs)
IBA Code Site Name Country
MY024 Danum Valley Conservation Area Malaysia
MY029 Kabili-Sepilok Malaysia
MY023 Kinabatangan floodplain Malaysia
MY025 Maliau Basin Conservation Area Malaysia
MY021 Mount Kinabalu Malaysia
MY027 Tabin Wildlife Reserve Malaysia
MY022 Trus Madi Range Malaysia

Threat and conservation


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Endemic Bird Areas factsheet: Sabah lowlands. Downloaded from http://datazone.birdlife.org/eba/search on 07/06/2023.