Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis


Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
Christidis, L. and Boles, W.E. 2008. Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red List criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2013 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency does not normally occur in forest
Land-mass type Average mass -

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence (breeding/resident) 134,000,000 km2 medium
Extent of Occurrence (non-breeding) 129,000,000 km2 medium
Severely fragmented? no -
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
Population size unknown - - -
Population trend increasing - estimated -
Generation length 4.2 years - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified. The European population is estimated at 922,000-2,140,000 pairs, which equates to 1,840,000-4,280,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). However Europe forms approximately <5% of the global range so extrapolating to the global population size is not appropriate. National population estimates include: c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs in China; c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs in Taiwan; c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs in Korea and c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs in Japan (Brazil 2009).

Trend justification: The population is estimated to be increasing following recorded range expansions in recent years (del Hoyo et al. 2006), although in Europe, trends between 1998 and 2013 have been stable (EBCC 2015).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Presence Origin Resident Breeding visitor Non-breeding visitor Passage migrant
Afghanistan extant uncertain
Albania extant native yes
Algeria extant native
Angola extant native
Australia extant native yes
Austria extant vagrant
Bangladesh extant native yes
Belgium extant native yes
Benin extant native
Botswana extant native
Bulgaria extant vagrant
Burkina Faso extant native
Burundi extant native
Cambodia extant native yes
Cameroon extant native
Central African Republic extant native
Chad extant native
China (mainland) extant native yes
Congo extant native
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the extant native
Côte d'Ivoire extant native
Croatia extant native yes
Cyprus extant native yes
Denmark extant vagrant
Egypt extant native
Equatorial Guinea extant native
Eritrea extant native
Eswatini extant native
Ethiopia extant native
France extant native yes
Gabon extant native
Gambia extant native
Ghana extant native
Gibraltar (to UK) extant native yes
Greece extant native yes
Guinea extant native
Guinea-Bissau extant native
Hong Kong (China) extant native yes
India extant native yes
Indonesia extant native yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of extant native yes
Iraq extant native yes
Ireland extant vagrant
Israel extant native yes
Italy extant native yes
Japan extant native yes
Jordan extant native yes
Kenya extant native
Kuwait extant vagrant yes
Laos extant native yes
Lebanon extant native yes
Lesotho extant native
Libya extant native
Liechtenstein extant vagrant
Malawi extant native
Mali extant native
Malta extant native yes
Mauritania extant native
Montenegro extant native yes
Morocco extant native
Mozambique extant native
Myanmar extant native yes
Namibia extant native
Nepal extant native yes
Netherlands extant native yes
Niger extant native
Nigeria extant native
North Macedonia extant native yes
Oman extant vagrant yes
Pakistan extant native yes
Palestine extant native yes
Philippines extant native yes
Portugal extant native yes
Rwanda extant native
Saudi Arabia extant native yes
Senegal extant native
Serbia extant native yes
Sierra Leone extant native
Singapore extant native yes
Slovenia extant native yes
Somalia extant native
South Africa extant native
South Korea extant native yes
South Sudan extant native yes
Spain extant native yes
Sri Lanka extant native yes
Sudan extant native
Sweden extant vagrant
Switzerland extant native yes
Syria extant native yes
Taiwan, China extant native yes
Tanzania extant native
Thailand extant native yes
Timor-Leste extant native yes
Togo extant native
Tunisia extant native
Türkiye extant native yes
Uganda extant native
United Kingdom extant vagrant
Vietnam extant native yes
Yemen extant native yes
Zambia extant native
Zimbabwe extant native

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Seasonally Flooded Agricultural Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Seasonally Flooded Agricultural Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Salt Marshes (Emergent Grasses) suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Salt Marshes (Emergent Grasses) suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 3000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Climate change & severe weather Habitat shifting & alteration Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Minority (<50%) Unknown Unknown
Ecosystem degradation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - non-trivial recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - international non-trivial recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Species factsheet: Cisticola juncidis. Downloaded from on 01/03/2024.
Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2024) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 01/03/2024.