LC
Zenaida Dove Zenaida aurita



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2020 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type Average mass 156 g
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 2,360,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 500000-4999999 poor estimated 2019
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.6 - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated to number 500,000-4,999,999 mature individuals (Partners in Flight 2019).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable (Partners in Flight 2019).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Anguilla (to UK) N Extant Yes
Antigua and Barbuda N Extant Yes
Bahamas N Extant Yes
Barbados N Extant Yes
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) N Extant Yes
Cayman Islands (to UK) N Extant Yes
Cuba N Extant Yes
Dominica N Extant Yes
Dominican Republic N Extant Yes
Grenada N Extant Yes
Guadeloupe (to France) N Extant Yes
Haiti N Extant Yes
Jamaica N Extant Yes
Martinique (to France) N Extant Yes
Mexico N Extant Yes
Montserrat (to UK) N Extant Yes
Puerto Rico (to USA) N Extant Yes
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) N Extant Yes
St Barthelemy (to France) N Extant Yes
St Kitts and Nevis N Extant Yes
St Lucia N Extant Yes
St Martin (to France) N Extant Yes
St Vincent and the Grenadines N Extant Yes
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) N Extant Yes
USA N Extant Yes
Virgin Islands (to UK) N Extant Yes
Virgin Islands (to USA) N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Jamaica Blue Mountains
Jamaica Yallahs
Jamaica John Crow Mountains
Jamaica Mount Diablo
Jamaica Jericho
Jamaica Teak Pen
Jamaica Bull Head
Jamaica Dry Harbour Mountain
Jamaica Fyffe and Rankine
Jamaica Duffus Mountain
Jamaica Hyde Hall Mountain
Jamaica Negril
Jamaica Point Hill
Jamaica Rose Hall
Bahamas Harrold and Wilson Ponds National Park
Bahamas Lucayan National Park
Bahamas Long Island and Hog Cay
Bahamas Southern Abaco
Bahamas Booby Rocks and Pirates Bay
Bahamas Exuma Cays Land and Sea Park
Bahamas Lee Stocking Island
Bahamas Salt Cay
Bahamas Stafford Creek to Andros Town
Antigua and Barbuda McKinnons Salt Pond
Antigua and Barbuda Potworks Dam
Antigua and Barbuda Christian Valley
Antigua and Barbuda Wallings Forest
Antigua and Barbuda Bethesda Dam
Antigua and Barbuda Offshore Islands
Puerto Rico (to USA) El Yunque
Puerto Rico (to USA) Este Central
Bahamas Mangrove Cay
Bahamas Owenstown
Bahamas Cat Island Wetlands
Virgin Islands (to USA) North-west Cays
Virgin Islands (to USA) Perseverance Bay Lagoons
St Lucia Pitons (Qualibou and Canaries)
St Lucia Castries and Dennery Waterworks Reserve and Marquis
St Lucia Point Sables
St Lucia Iyanola and Grande Anses, Esperance and Fond D'ors
St Lucia Mandelé Protected Landscape
Virgin Islands (to USA) Great Pond
Virgin Islands (to USA) Southgate and Green Cay
Antigua and Barbuda Redonda
Virgin Islands (to USA) John Brewer's Bay
Jamaica Catadupa

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable resident
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) suitable breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Moist suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 1500 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Zenaida aurita. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 05/12/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 05/12/2021.