Zarudny's Sparrow Passer zarudnyi


Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
Kirwan, G. M.; Schweizer, M.; Ayé, R.; Grieve, A. 2009. Taxonomy, identification and status of Desert Sparrows. Dutch Birding 31(3): 139-158.

IUCN Red List criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2019 Least Concern
2018 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2013 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency does not normally occur in forest
Land-mass type Average mass 20 g

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 268,000
Severely fragmented? no -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
Number of mature individuals 7000-125000 estimated 2019
Population trend decreasing estimated -

Population justification: The species is described as not common (Clement et al. 1999), but the global population size has not been quantified directly. Based on density estimates from Turkmenistan (4-7 individuals/km2 in the Repetek Reserve and 0.4 individuals/km2 in central Kara Kun; Atamuradov 1999) and assuming that only 10% of the Extent of Occurrence are occupied, the global population may number 7,000-125,000 mature individuals.

Trend justification: The species is assumed to be undergoing a decline and range contraction (del Hoyo et al. 2019), but the reasons for the decline are unclear. It is now extinct in Iran.

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Presence Origin Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Iran, Islamic Republic of extinct native yes
Turkmenistan extant native yes
Uzbekistan extant native yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Turkmenistan Repetek
Uzbekistan Buzaubay
Uzbekistan Khodzha-Davlet

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Desert Temperate major resident
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Passer zarudnyi. Downloaded from on 23/09/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 23/09/2023.