Yellowish-breasted Racquet-tail Prioniturus flavicans


Justification of Red List Category
This species has a small and declining range, and its population is undergoing a continuing moderately rapid decline owing to on-going forest loss. However, the population is not yet severely fragmented or restricted to few locations. Hence the species is listed as Near Threatened.

Population justification
The population has been estimated to be in the order of 45,000 individuals (Walker and Cahill 2000).

Trend justification
This species is suspected to have declined recently at a moderately rapid rate, owing to on-going forest loss.

Distribution and population

Prioniturus flavicans is known with certainty only from the eastern two-thirds of the northern peninsula (Minahasa) of Sulawesi, Indonesia, with populations on adjacent islands including the Togian Islands (Juniper and Parr 1998, BirdLife International 2001). It has a limited area of occupancy on the peninsula, given that the extent of its lowland forest habitat is c.11,300 km2, and the world population is in the order of 45,000 birds. Its numbers are declining.


It is generally found in primary forest below 1,000 m but it will range as high as 1,900 m and use trees in cultivated areas. It forages in mid-storey lowland and hill forest, gathering in fruiting trees. The only recorded nest was situated in a cavity in the rootball of an arboreal epiphytic fern (Walker and Seroji 2000).


Declines are attributed to high rates of habitat destruction, degradation and fragmentation.

Conservation actions

Conservation Actions Underway
CITES Appendix II.

Conservation Actions Proposed
Assess the threats to this species. Calculate rates of forest loss in the lowlands of northern Sulawesi. Investigate the species's level of dependence on forest habitats. Effectively protect significant areas of suitable forest at key sites, in both strictly protected areas and community led multiple use areas.


Text account compilers
Benstead, P., Bird, J., Taylor, J.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Prioniturus flavicans. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/04/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/04/2023.