Yellow-shouldered Amazon Amazona barbadensis


Collar, N. J. 1997. Psittacidae (Parrots). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J. (ed.), Handbook of the birds of the world, pp. 280-477. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Collar, N.J. and Butchart, S.H.M. 2013. Conservation breeding and avian diversity: chances and challenges. International Zoo Yearbook 48(1): 7-28.

Collar, N.J., Gonzaga, L.P., Krabbe, N., Madroño Nieto, A., Naranjo, L.G., Parker, T.A. and Wege, D.C. 1992. Threatened birds of the Americas: the ICBP/IUCN Red Data Book. International Council for Bird Preservation, Cambridge, U.K.

Ferrer-Paris, J.R., Sánchez-Mercado, A., Rodríguez-Clark, K.M., Rodríguez, J.P., and Rodríguez, G.A. 2014. Using limited data to detect changes in species distributions: insights from Amazon parrots in Venezuela. Biological Conservation 173: 133-143.

Hilty, S. L. 2003. Birds of Venezuela. A&C Black, London.

Juniper, T.; Parr, M. 1998. Parrots: a guide to the parrots of the world. Pica Press, Robertsbridge, UK.

Martin, R. O. 2009. Long-term monogamy in a long-lived parrot: mating system and life history evolution in the yellow-shouldered amazon parrot Amazona barbadensis. 2009. Factors affecting the life history, abundance and distribution of the yellow-shouldered Amazon parrot (Amazona barbadensis) on Bonaire, Netherlands Antilles. University of Sheffield.

Rodríguez-Ferraro, A.; Blake, J. G. 2008. Diversity patterns of bird assemblages in arid zones of northern Venezuela. Condor 110(3): 405-420.

Rodríguez, J. P., Fajardo, L., Herrera, I., Sánchez, A., and Reyes, A. 2004. Yellow-Shouldered Parrot (Amazona barbadensis) on the Islands of Margarita and La Blanquilla, Venezuela: Poaching and the Survival of a Threatened Species. In: Akçakaya, H.R., Burgman, M.A., Kindvall, O., Wood, C.C., Sjogren-Gulve, P., Hatfield, J.S. and McCarthy, M.A. (eds), Species Conservation and Management: Case Studies, pp. 361-370. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Rodríguez, J. P.; Rojas-Suárez, F. 1995. Libro Rojo de la fauna Venezolana. Provita, Caracas.

Rojas-Suárez, F. and J. P. Rodríguez. 2015. Cotorra cabeciamarilla, Amazona barbadensis. In: J. P. Rodríguez, A. García-Rawlins and F. Rojas-Suárez (eds), Libro Rojo de la Fauna Venezolana. Cuarta edición, Provita y Fundación Empresas Polar, Caracas, Venezuela.

Sanz, V.; Grajal, A. 1998. Successful reintroduction of captive-raised Yellow-shouldered Amazon parrots on Margarita Island, Venezuela. Conservation Biology 12: 430-441.

Sanz, V.; Rodriguez-Ferraro, A. 2006. Reproductive parameters and productivity of the Yellow-shouldered Parrot on Margarita Island, Venezuela: a long-term study. Condor 108: 178-192.

Sanz, V.; Rodriguez-Ferraro, A.; Albornoz, M.; Bertsch, C. 2003. Use of artificial nests by the Yellow-shouldered Parrot (Amazona barbadensis). Ornitologia Neotropical 14: 345-351.

Snyder, N.; McGowan, P.; Gilardi, J.; Grajal, A. 2000. Parrots: status survey and conservation action plan 2000-2004. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Williams, S. and Martin, R. 2006. Busy on Bonaire. PsittaScene 18: 3-6.

Williams, S.R. 2012. Species Management Plan: Yellow-shouldered Amazon Parrot, Amazona barbadensis, Dutch Caribbean. Bonaire.

Further resources

Detailed species account from the Threatened birds of the Americas: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 1992). Please note, taxonomic treatment and IUCN Red List category may have changed since publication.

Recuento detallado de la especie tomado del libro Aves Amenazadas de las Americas, Libro Rojo de BirdLife International (BirdLife International 1992). Nota: la taxonomoía y la categoría de la Lista Roja de la UICN pudo haber cambiado desde esta publicación.

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

View photos and videos and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Amazona barbadensis. Downloaded from on 22/06/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 22/06/2021.