LC
Yellow-necked Francolin Pternistis leucoscepus



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note
Pternistis leucoscepus (del Hoyo and Collar 2014) was previously placed in the genus Francolinus.

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 3,460,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.9 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is reported to be common (del Hoyo et al. 1994, Fuller et al. 2000).

Trend justification: This species is still widespread and common, despite some local extinctions. Major threats include over-hunting and increased human populations, although the species adapts well to agricultural land and only retreats from densely populated areas (del Hoyo et al. 1994).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Djibouti N Extant Yes
Eritrea N Extant Yes
Ethiopia N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant Yes
Somalia N Extant Yes
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant
Tanzania N Extant Yes
Uganda N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Djibouti Ali Sabieh - Assâmo
Eritrea Gulf of Zula
Eritrea Danakil lowlands
Ethiopia Yangudi-Rassa National Park
Ethiopia Awash National Park
Ethiopia Babille Elephant Sanctuary
Ethiopia Omo National Park
Ethiopia Nechisar National Park and surroundings
Ethiopia Mago National Park
Ethiopia Lower Wabi Shebelle river and Warder
Ethiopia Mankubsa - Welenso forest
Ethiopia Yabello Sanctuary
Ethiopia Arero forest
Ethiopia Dawa - Wachile
Ethiopia Lake Chew Bahir
Kenya Kianyaga valleys
Kenya Mukurweini valleys
Kenya Tana River Delta
Kenya Tsavo East National Park
Kenya Tsavo West National Park
Kenya Chyulu Hills forests
Kenya Dida Galgalu desert
Kenya Lake Turkana
Kenya Machakos valleys
Kenya Masinga reservoir
Kenya Meru National Park
Kenya Mwea National Reserve
Kenya Samburu and Buffalo Springs National Reserves
Kenya Shaba National Reserve
Kenya Nairobi National Park
Kenya Amboseli National Park
Kenya Lake Baringo
Kenya Lake Bogoria National Reserve
Kenya Lake Elmenteita
Kenya Lake Magadi
Kenya Lake Nakuru National Park
Kenya Masai Mara
Kenya Ol Donyo Sabache
Kenya South Nguruman
South Sudan Sudd (Bahr-el-Jebel system)
South Sudan Imatong mountains
South Sudan Kidepo
Somalia Daalo
Somalia Saylac
Somalia Gacan Libaax
Somalia Boorama plains
Somalia Buulobarde
Somalia Xawaadley reservoir
Somalia Jowhar - Warshiikh
Somalia Balcad Nature Reserve
Somalia Arbowerow
Somalia Boja swamps
Somalia Laag Dheere
Somalia Far Waamo
Somalia Laag Badaana
Tanzania Lake Manyara
Tanzania Ruaha National Park
Tanzania Serengeti National Park
Tanzania Tarangire National Park
Tanzania Ngorongoro Conservation Area
Tanzania Mkomazi National Park
Tanzania Lake Eyasi
Tanzania Nyumba ya Mungu reservoir
Tanzania Lake Natron and Engaruka basin
Tanzania Wembere steppe
Tanzania Longido Game Controlled Area
Uganda Mount Moroto Forest Reserve
Uganda Kidepo Valley National Park
Ethiopia Eastern Hararghe (Harar-Wabi Shebelle)
Kenya Mumoni Hill Forest Reserve
Tanzania Lake Balangida Lelu

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable resident
Savanna Dry suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Moist suitable resident
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Pternistis leucoscepus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/05/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/05/2022.