LC
Yellow-lored Amazon Amazona xantholora



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2021 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type Average mass 217 g
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 166,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 20000-49999 poor suspected 2019
Population trend Decreasing inferred -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) 10-19 - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) 10-19 - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 7.85 - - -

Population justification: The global population is suspected to number fewer than 50,000 mature individuals (Partners in Flight 2019), thus it is here placed in the band 20,000-49,999 mature individuals.

Trend justification: The species is undergoing a decline (Partners in Flight 2019). Over the past three generations (23.7 years; Bird et al. 2020), 17% of tree cover has been lost within the range (Global Forest Watch 2021). Apart from forests, the species also occupies forest edges, secondary growth and savanna (Wade and Ghalambor 2020), so tree cover loss alone may not be causing significant population declines. At a low level, the species is also threatened by trapping for the illegal pet trade (Wade and Ghalambor 2020); therefore declines are tentatively placed in the band 10-19% over three generations, but careful monitoring is required in order to track any increases in the rate of decline.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Belize N Extant Yes
Guatemala N Extant Yes
Honduras N Possibly Extant Yes
Mexico N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Guatemala Maya - Lacandón
Belize Northeastern Belize
Belize Crooked Tree and associated wetlands
Belize Maya Mountains and southern reserves
Belize Belize Coastal and near shore islands
Mexico Isla Cozumel
Mexico Calakmul
Mexico Corredor Calakmul - Sian Ka'an
Mexico Corredor Central Vallarta - Punta Laguna
Mexico Laguna de Mecoacán
Mexico Laguna de Términos
Mexico Los Petenes
Mexico Yum Balam
Mexico Uyumil Ce'h
Mexico Ría Celestún
Honduras Islas de la Bahía y Cayos Cochinos
Mexico Sur de Quintana Roo
Mexico Ría Lagartos
Mexico Sian Ka'an
Mexico Sierra de Ticúl - Punto Put

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major resident
Altitude 0 - 100 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species mortality
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting - Unintentional effects: (large scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting - Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Amazona xantholora. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 03/07/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 03/07/2022.