LC
Yellow-headed Caracara Milvago chimachima



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
SACC. 2005 and updates. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.htm#.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2020 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 16,500,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 5000000-49999999 poor estimated 2016
Population trend Increasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.8 - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated to number 5-50 million mature individuals (Partners in Flight 2019).

Trend justification: The species is increasing owing to deforestation in the highlands of the Andes and conversion of lowland forests into cattle ranches (del Hoyo et al. 1994, Partners in Flight 2019).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Argentina N Extant Yes
Bolivia N Extant Yes
Brazil N Extant Yes
Colombia N Extant Yes
Costa Rica N Extant Yes
Ecuador N Extant Yes
French Guiana N Extant Yes
Guyana N Extant Yes
Nicaragua N Extant Yes
Panama N Extant Yes
Paraguay N Extant Yes
Peru N Extant Yes
Suriname N Extant Yes
Trinidad and Tobago N Extant Yes
Uruguay N Extant Yes
Venezuela N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Guyana South Central Rupununi
Brazil São Francisco Xavier / Monte Verde
Brazil Serra do Urubu
Colombia El Encanto de Guanapalo

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest suitable resident
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded major resident
Savanna Dry suitable resident
Savanna Moist suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Moist suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 1800 m Occasional altitudinal limits (max) 2600 m

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Milvago chimachima. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/09/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/09/2021.