LC
Yellow-eared Toucanet Selenidera spectabilis



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
SACC. 2005 and updates. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.htm#.

IUCN Red List criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2022 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status altitudinal migrant Forest dependency high
Land-mass type Average mass 219 g
Range

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence (breeding/resident) 923,000 km2 medium
Severely fragmented? no -
Population
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
Population size 50000-499999 mature individuals poor suspected 2022
Population trend decreasing - inferred 2016-2030
Rate of change over the past 10 years/3 generations (longer of the two periods) 10-19% - - -
Rate of change over the future 10 years/3 generations (longer of the two periods) 10-19% - - -
Rate of change over the past & future 10 years/3 generations (longer of the two periods) 10-19% - - -
Generation length 4.81 years - - -

Population justification: The global population is suspected to number 50,000-499,999 mature individuals (Partners in Flight 2022). The species is described as uncommon to locally fairly common (Stotz et al. 1996, Short 2020).

Trend justification: The species is undergoing a decline; it has reportedly become rarer in Costa Rica, likely as a consequence of forest fragmentation (Short 2020, Partners in Flight 2022). Tree cover within the range is lost at a rate of 5% over three generations (Global Forest Watch 2021, using Hansen et al. [2013] data and methods disclosed therein). Considering additional impacts of fragmentation, population declines may exceed the rate of tree cover loss. Tentatively, population declines are here placed in the band 10-19% over three generations.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Presence Origin Resident Breeding visitor Non-breeding visitor Passage migrant
Colombia extant native yes
Costa Rica extant native yes
Ecuador extant native yes
Honduras extant native yes
Nicaragua extant native yes
Panama extant native yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane suitable resident
Altitude 30 - 1100 m Occasional altitudinal limits (max) 1500 m

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Species factsheet: Selenidera spectabilis. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org/species/factsheet/yellow-eared-toucanet-selenidera-spectabilis on 22/02/2024.
Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2024) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org on 22/02/2024.