EN
Yellow Cardinal Gubernatrix cristata



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
SACC. 2006. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.html#.
SACC. 2006. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.htm#.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- A2cd+3cd+4cd A2cd+3cd+4cd;C2a(i)

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Endangered A2cd+3cd+4cd
2013 Endangered A2cd+3cd+4cd
2012 Endangered A2cd+3cd+4cd
2008 Endangered A2c,d; A3c,d; A4c,d
2004 Endangered
2000 Endangered
1996 Endangered
1994 Endangered
1988 Threatened
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Land-mass type - continent
Average mass 47.59999847 g
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 1,820,000 medium
Number of locations 11-100 -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 1000-2000 good estimated 2007
Population trend Decreasing poor suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) 50-79 - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) 50-79 - - -
Number of subpopulations 2-100 - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.8 - - -

Population justification: The total population is estimated to number 1,500-3,000 individuals, roughly equivalent to 1,000-2,000 mature individuals (Martins-Ferreira in litt. 2007).

Trend justification: A very rapid and on-going population decline is suspected owing to chronic exploitation for the bird trade as well as habitat loss and fragmentation.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Argentina N Possibly Extinct Yes
Brazil N Extant Yes
Uruguay N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Argentina Bañados del Río Atuel
Argentina Bosques de Chacho
Argentina Bosques de Olta
Argentina Caldenal del Sudoeste de Buenos Aires
Argentina Ceibas
Argentina Chancaní y Sierras de Pocho
Argentina Dorso Occidental Subhúmedo de Santa Fe
Argentina Espinal de Mercedes
Argentina Estepas arbustivas del Sur de Buenos Aires
Argentina Felipe Yofre
Argentina Jagüel del Monte
Argentina Lagunas de Guanacache
Argentina Lagunas del suroeste y relictos del Caldenal
Argentina Nandubaysal-El Potrero
Argentina Parque Nacional El Palmar
Argentina Parque Nacional Lihue Calel
Argentina Perdices
Argentina Región Estancia Oscuro
Argentina Reserva Provincial Florística y Faunística Bosques Teltecas
Argentina Reserva Provincial Parque Luro
Argentina Rincón del Socorro-Iberá
Argentina Salinas de Ambargasta
Argentina San Antonio Oeste
Argentina Selva de Montiel
Argentina Sierras de Guasayán
Argentina Sierras del Norte Cordobés
Argentina Sistema Península de Valdés
Argentina Victorica
Argentina Villa marítima El Cóndor
Brazil Região de Pinheiro Machado
Uruguay Arapey
Uruguay Bella Unión Grasslands
Uruguay El Tapado Grasslands
Uruguay Serranias del Este

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Grassland Temperate suitable resident
Savanna Dry suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Moist suitable resident
Shrubland Temperate suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 700 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Livestock farming & ranching Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Wood & pulp plantations Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Very Rapid Declines High Impact: 8
Stresses
Species mortality
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Problematic native species/diseases Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Unknown Unknown
Stresses
Hybridisation

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2017) Species factsheet: Gubernatrix cristata. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/10/2017. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2017) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/10/2017.