Justification of Red List Category
This species is classified as Near Threatened because it is suspected to be declining moderately rapidly owing to habitat loss.
The global population size has not been quantified, but this species is described as 'uncommon' (Stotz et al. 1996).
A moderately rapid and on-going population decline is suspected owing to habitat loss.
Piculus aurulentus is restricted to south-east Brazil (Espírito Santo and Minas Gerais south to Rio Grande do Sul), east Paraguay and north-east Argentina (Misiones and north-east Corrientes). It occurs at 750-2,000 m in Brazil, but at lower elevations in Paraguay and Argentina (Brooks et al. 1993, Winkler et al. 1995, Parker et al. 1996). It seems to be rare in Paraguay, and more common in the mountains of south-east Brazil (Chubb 1910, Brooks et al. 1993, Sick 1993).
It inhabits montane and lowland humid forests (but has been recorded in forest edge and dense secondary growth).
These montane forests have suffered less destruction than adjacent lowland areas, but the isolated forests in the north of its range have virtually disappeared owing to the expansion of pastureland and cultivation, and remaining patches are under pressure from clearance and fires spreading out of cultivated areas.
Conservation Actions Underway
It occurs in Serra dos Órgãos and Itatiaia National Parks and Serra do Mar State Park, Brazil.
Text account compilers
Sharpe, C J, Benstead, P., Capper, D., Babarskas, M., Symes, A.
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Piculus aurulentus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/11/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/11/2019.