LC
Yellow-browed Citril Crithagra frontalis



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note
Crithagra frontalis (del Hoyo and Collar 2016) was previously placed in the genus Serinus following Sibley & Monroe (1990, 1993).

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
Sibley, C. G.; Monroe, B. L. 1990. Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the world. Yale University Press, New Haven, USA.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass 12.30000019 g
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 826,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.8 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as common and widespread (Clement 1999).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Burundi N Extant Yes
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant Yes
Rwanda N Extant Yes
Tanzania N Extant Yes
Uganda N Extant Yes
Zambia N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Burundi Bururi Forest Nature Reserve
Burundi Kibira National Park
Burundi Rusizi National Park
Burundi Ruvubu National Park
Burundi Rwihinda Lake Managed Nature Reserve
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Forests west of Lake Edward
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Itombwe Mountains
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Kahuzi-Biega National Park
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the LaLuama - Katanga - Mount Kabobo
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Lendu Plateau
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Marungu highlands
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Virunga National Park
Kenya Aberdare Mountains
Kenya Cherangani Hills
Kenya Kakamega forest
Kenya Kianyaga valleys
Kenya Kikuyu Escarpment forest
Kenya Lake Elmenteita
Kenya Lake Nakuru National Park
Kenya Mau forest complex
Kenya Mount Kenya
Kenya Mukurweini valleys
Kenya North Nandi forest
Kenya South Nandi forest
Rwanda Akagera National Park
Rwanda Akanyaru wetlands
Rwanda Cyamudongo forest
Rwanda Nyungwe National Park
Rwanda Rugezi Marsh
Rwanda Volcans National Park
Tanzania Loazi-Kalambo Forest Reserves and surrounding area
Tanzania Mahali Mountain National Park
Uganda Bwindi Impenetrable National Park
Uganda Kibale National Park
Uganda Mgahinga Gorilla National Park
Uganda Mount Elgon National Park
Uganda Queen Elizabeth National Park and Lake George
Uganda Ruwenzori (Rwenzori) Mountains National Park

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land major resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens major resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest suitable resident
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Moist major resident
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands major resident
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) major resident
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) major resident
Altitude 1000 - 2100 m Occasional altitudinal limits (max) 3300 m

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Crithagra frontalis. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 17/09/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 17/09/2019.