Yellow-billed Magpie Pica nutalli


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Bird, J.P., Martin, R., Akçakaya, H.R., Gilroy, J., Burfield, I.J., Garnett, S.G., Symes, A., Taylor, J., ?ekercio?lu, Ç.H. and Butchart, S.H.M. 2020. Generation lengths of the world’s birds and their implications for extinction risk. Conservation Biology 34(5): 1252-1261. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.13486.

Crosbie, S. P.; Koenig, W. D.; Reisen, W. K.; Kramer, V. L.; Marcus, L.; Carney, R.; Pandolfino, E.; Bolen, G. M.; Crosbie, L. R.; Bell, D. A.; Ernest, H. B. 2008. Early impact of West Nile Virus on the Yellow-billed Magpie (Pica nuttalli). The Auk 125(3): 542-550.

del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Christie, D. 2009. Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 14: Bush-shrikes to Old World Sparrows. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

IUCN. 2021. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-3. Available at: (Accessed: 09 December 2021).

Kilpatrick, A. M.; Wheeler, S. S. 2019. Impact of West Nile Virus on Bird Populations: Limited Lasting Effects, Evidence for Recovery, and Gaps in Our Understanding of Impacts on Ecosystems. Journal of Medical Entomology 56(6): 1491-1497.

Marzluff, J.; Sharpe, C.J. 2018. Yellow-billed Magpie (Pica nutalli). Barcelona Available at: (Accessed: 09/07/2018).

Meehan, T. D.; LeBaron, G. S.; Dale, K.; Michel, N. L.; Verutes, G. M.; Langham, G. M. 2018. Abundance trends of birds wintering in the USA and Canada, from Audubon Christmas Bird Counts, 1966-2017, version 2.1. New York, New York, USA

NABCI. 2016. The State of North America’s Birds 2016. In: Environment and Climate Change Canada (eds). Ottawa, Ontario.

Pardieck, K. L.; Ziolkowski Jr., D. J.; Lutmerding, M.; Hudson, M. A. R. 2018. North American Breeding Bird Survey Dataset 1966 - 2019, version 2019.0.

Partners in Flight. 2020. Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2020. Available at:

Reisen, W.; Lothrop, H.; Chiles, R.; Madon, M.; Cossen, C.; Woods, L.; Husted, S.; Kramer, V.; Edman, J. 2004. West Nile Virus in California. . Emerging and Infectuous Diseases 10: 1369-1378.

Further resources

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Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Pica nutalli. Downloaded from on 14/08/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 14/08/2022.