LC
Woodlark Lullula arborea



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2019 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2014 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass 27 g
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 15,500,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 10,500,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 4000000-8999999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Increasing estimated -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.8 - - -

Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 1,890,000-3,890,000 pairs, which equates to 3,780,000-7,790,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms c.90% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 4,200,000-8,700,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.

Trend justification: In Europe the overall trend from 1980 to 2013 showed a moderate increase (EBCC 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan V Extant
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant
Andorra N Extant Yes
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bahrain V Extant Yes
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium N Extant Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Bulgaria N Extant Yes Yes
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes Yes
Egypt N Extant
Estonia N Extant Yes
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) V Extant
Finland N Extant Yes
France N Extant Yes Yes
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes Yes
Gibraltar (to UK) N Extant
Greece N Extant Yes
Hungary N Extant Yes
Iceland V Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Ireland V Extant
Israel N Extant Yes
Italy N Extant Yes
Jordan N Extant Yes
Kazakhstan V Extant
Kuwait N Extant Yes
Latvia N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes
Libya N Extant
Liechtenstein V Extant
Lithuania N Extant Yes
Luxembourg N Extant Yes
Malta N Extant
Moldova N Extant Yes
Monaco N Extant
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Morocco N Extant
Netherlands N Extant Yes
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway N Extant Yes
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) V Extant
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
San Marino N Extant
Saudi Arabia V Extant Yes
Serbia N Extant Yes
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Sweden N Extant Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes Yes
Tunisia N Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Ukraine N Extant Yes
United Kingdom N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Cyprus Pafos Forest
Czechia Sumava mountains (Bohemian forest)
Serbia Deliblatska pescara
Belarus Biarezinski zapaviednik
Belarus Al'manskija baloty
Lithuania Dzukija National Park
Latvia Slitere and Zilie kalni
Latvia Zile forest area
Portugal Minho and Coura estuaries
Portugal Gerês mountains
Romania Trascău Mountains
Romania Bicaz gorge and Hăşmaş Mountains
Slovenia River Drava
Slovenia Goričko
Slovenia Karst
Belgium Sinémurienne
Belgium Hautes Fagnes/Eifel
Belgium Marche en Famenne
Belgium Lesse et Lomme
Belgium Croix-Scaille
Belgium Mechelse Heide en de Vallei van de Ziepbeek
Belgium Hamonterheide, Hageven, Buitenheide, Mariahof en Stamprooierbroek
Belgium Gebieden gelegen te Houthalen-Helchteren en Meeuwen-Gruitrode
Belgium Vallei van de Zwarte Beek
Belgium Ronde Put
Belgium Gebieden ten noorden van Turnhout en Ravels
Belgium Kalmthoutse Heide
Belgium De Maatjes, Wuustwezel Heide en Groot Schietveld
Belgium De Maten
Belgium Entre-Sambre-et-Meuse
Moldova Tigheci Forest
Moldova Hâncești Forest
Moldova Central Forest
Moldova Beech Land Forest
Sweden Lake Solgen
Sweden Archipelago and coastline of North-East Scania
Sweden Lake Ralången – Lake Hyllingen
Sweden Hanveden – Hemfosa
Poland Bialowieza Forest
Poland Liwiec river valley
Poland Gorce mountains
Poland Middle Warta River Valley
Poland Kampinos forest
Poland Biala Forest
Poland Zegrzynski reservoir
Poland Biebrza river valley
Poland Parczew forests
Poland Pisz forest
Poland Ilawa Forest
Poland Slupia River Valley
Greece Axios, Loudias and Aliakmonas rivers' deltas
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Mount Parnassos
Greece Mount Oiti
Greece Mount Ochi and surrounding marine area
Greece East Lakonia mountains
Greece Mount Koutroulis, Mount Agios Dikaios and Modia plateau, Crete
Greece Lefka Ori mountains, Crete
Greece Mount Idi, Crete
Greece Mount Asterousia (Kofinas), Crete
Greece Mount Dikti, Crete
Greece Thrypti and Orno mountains, Crete
Greece Mount Kryoneritis, Crete
Greece Lake Stymfalia
Greece Mount Vardousia
Greece Islands and islets of northern Sporades and northwestern coast of Alonnisos
Greece Kythira island
Greece Antichasia mountains and Meteora
Greece Mount Vourinos
Greece Aliakmonas gorge
Greece Mount Othrys
Greece Rodopos peninsula, Crete
Greece Kato Olympos, Tempi gorge and mount Ossa
Greece Filiouri valley and eastern Rodopi mountains
Greece Kompsatos valley
Greece Pineios delta
Greece Lake Kourna, Almyros delta and Georgioupolis coast, Crete
Greece Mount Falakro
Greece Artemisio and Lyrkeio mountains
Greece Mount Chelmos (Aroania)
Greece Mount Mavrovouni, Larisa
Greece Agios Efstratios island
Greece Southwestern Lesvos and Petrified forest
Greece Mount Olympos and pine forest of central Lesvos
Greece Mount Lepetymnos, Lesvos, and surrounding marine area
Greece Gera gulf, Ntipi and Charamida marshes, Lesvos
Greece Paros and Antiparos islands and surrounding islets
Greece Mount Itamos
Greece Akarnanika mountains
Greece Acherontas gorge and estuary
Greece Mountains of Naxos
Greece Tzena and Pinovo mountains
Greece Acheloos valley
Greece Amvrakikos gulf
Greece Mount Taygetos
Greece Nea Fokaia marshes
Greece Mount Voras (Kaïmaktsalan)
Greece Mount Beles (Kerkini)
Greece Mount Krousia (Mavrovouni and Dysoro)
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Mount Pangaio
Greece Mounts Orliakas and Tsourgiakas
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Mount Menoikio
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos gorge
Greece Mount Kerkis, Samos
Greece Psara and Antipsara islands and surrounding islets
Greece National Park of Dadia - Lefkimi - Soufli forest
Greece Barbas and Klokos mountains and Selinountas gorge
Greece South forest complex of Evros prefecture
Greece Dadia - Dereio - Aisymi forest
Greece Vouraïkos gorge and Kalavryta
Greece Lakes Volvi, Koroneia and Rentina Gorge
Netherlands Veluwe
Netherlands Loonse and Drunense Duinen
Netherlands Maasduinen
Netherlands Weerter- en Budelerbergen & Ringselven
Netherlands Leenderbos, Groote Heide & De Plateaux
Netherlands Brabantse Wal
Netherlands Kampina & Oisterwijkse Vennen
Finland Pori archipelago and wetlands
Finland Hanko western archipelago
Finland Nuuksio
Finland Kirkon-Vilkkiläntura Bay
Finland Torronsuo and Lake Talpianjärvi
Finland Värtsilä valley
Hungary Aggtelek Karst
Hungary Vértes
Hungary Danube bend
Hungary Inner Somogy
Russia (European) Racheyski forest
Russia (European) Buzulukski forest
Russia (European) Nerussa - Desna woodland
Russia (European) Kulikovski forest
Russia (European) Upper Voronezh forest
Russia (European) Kletnyanski forest
Russia (European) Flood-plain of Sura river
Russia (European) Dedinovo flood-plain of Oka river
Ukraine Shats'ki lakes
Ukraine Polis'kyi Nature Reserve
Ukraine Syra Pogonya mire
Ukraine Korotchenkivs'ki meadows
Ukraine Samars'kyj forest
Ukraine Gorgany
Ukraine Mokri Yasli forestry plantation
France Val d'Allier Bourbonnais
France Sologne Bourbonnaise
France Forêts du Perche
France Plateaux de Millevaches et de Gentioux
France Gorges de la Vis et cirque de Navacelles
France Gorges du Rieutord-Fage-Cagnasses
France Cap Gris-nez
France Vallée de la Durance : de Tallard à Sisteron
France Bois du Chapitre
France Bec de Crigne
France Plaine du Forez
France Forêt de Haguenau
France Haut Val d'Allier
France Gorges de la Sioule
France Monts et Plomb du Cantal
France Planèze de Saint-Flour
France Montagne de la Serre
France Vallée de la Loire : gorges de la Loire
France Gorges de la Truyère
France Les Couzes Nord
France Les Couzes Sud
France Réserve Naturelle du courant d'Huchet
France Côte Médocaine: dunes boisées et dépressions humides
France Arrière Côte de Dijon et de Beaune
France Plateau Ardennais
France Barois et Forêt de Clairvaux
France Vallée de l'Aube, de la Superbe et Marigny
France Brenne centrale
France Brenne Sud
France Brenne: Forêt de la Petite-Brenne
France Etangs de Sologne: St Viatre, Marcilly-en-Gault et forêt de Bruadan
France Golfe de Porto, presqu'île de Scandola et golfe de Galeria
France Etang de Biguglia
France Vallée du Régino
France Etang d'Urbino et zones humides périphériques
France Iles Finocchiarola et côte de Tamarone à Centuri
France Forêt d'altitude du Jura : forêt du Risoux
France Vallée de la Saône de Corre à Broye
France Boucle de Moisson
France Massifs de Fontainebleau et zones humides adjacentes
France Montagne de la Clape
France Basses Corbières
France Massif des Albères
France Massif du Canigou-Carança
France Gorges du Gardon
France Hautes garrigues du Montpellierais
France Etangs de Vendres, Pissevache et Lespignan
France Minervois
France Gorges de la Dourbie et causses avoisinants
France Estuaire de la Canche
France Chaîne des Alpilles
France Montagne Sainte-Victoire
France Massif du Petit Lubéron
France Plateau de Valensole
France Plateau de l'Arbois, garrigues de Lancon et chaîne des Côtes
France Plaine des Maures
France Vallée du Haut-Guil
France Bois des Ayes
France Parc National du Mercantour
France Préalpes de Grasse
France Parc National des Ecrins
France Bois de Palayson, du Rouet et de Malvoisin
France Lac de Grand-Lieu
France Marais et forêt d'Olonne
France Val d'Allier : Saint-Yorre-Joze
France Haute Soule : Forêt d'Irraty, Organbidexka et Pic des Escaliers
France Domaine d'Orx
France Iles Chausey
France Lacs de la Forêt d'Orient
France Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux
France Salins d'Hyères et de Pesquiers
United Kingdom Avon Valley
United Kingdom Breckland
United Kingdom Dorset Heaths and Forests
United Kingdom Minsmere - Walberswick
United Kingdom Thames Basin Heaths
United Kingdom New Forest
United Kingdom Wealden Heaths
United Kingdom Haldon Forest
United Kingdom Laughton Forest
United Kingdom Suffolk Sandlings
Italy Gran Paradiso
Italy Gran Sasso d'Italia
Italy Rieti mountains
Italy Ernici and Simbruini mountains
Italy Sirente, Velino and Duchessa mountains
Italy Pollino
Italy Sila Grande
Italy River Cecina middle valley
Italy Foreste Casentinesi
Italy Arezzo heathlands
Italy Calvana mountains
Italy Ligurian Alps
Italy Selva del Lamone
Italy Agri Valley
Italy Carso
Italy Antigorio and Formazza valleys
Italy Susa and Chisone valleys
Italy Mounts Orsomarso and Verbicaro
Italy Uccellina mountains, Trappola marshes and Ombrone mouth
Italy Gargano promontory
Italy Giulie Pre-Alps
Italy Maritime Alps
Czechia Doupov hills
Denmark Kallesmærsk Hede, Grærup Langsø and surrounding areas
Denmark Lille Vildmose
Denmark Forest areas south of Silkeborg
Denmark Råbjerg Mile and surrounding heathlands
Serbia Fruska gora
Serbia Vršačke Planine
Serbia Cer mountain
Serbia Valjevske mountains
Serbia Tara mountain
Serbia Ovcar-Kablar gorge
Serbia Uvac-Milesevka
Serbia Kopaonik
Serbia Prokletije
Slovakia Slanské hills
Slovakia Nízke Tatry
Slovakia Slovenský karst
Slovakia Veľká Fatra
Slovakia Malé Karpaty
Slovakia Bukovské hills
Slovakia Lešť
Slovakia Muránska plateau and Stolické hills
Serbia Sara mountain
Serbia Pcinja
Serbia Vlasina
Serbia Jerma
Serbia Suva mountain
Serbia Stara mountains
Serbia Sicevo gorge
Serbia Zlot gorge--Dubasnica
Serbia Resava gorge
Serbia Labudovo okno
Serbia Derdap gorge
Armenia Khosrov Reserve
Andorra Pirineo de Andorra
Austria North-eastern Leithagebirge
Austria Surroundings of Mattersburg
Austria Steinfeld
Austria Thermenlinie
Austria Western Weinviertel
Austria Lösslandschaft and Wagram east of Krems
Austria Wachau
Austria Southern Waldviertel
Austria Middle Kamp valley
Austria Lower Kamp valley
Austria Western Waldviertel
Austria Niederösterreichische Randalpen
Austria Freiwald
Sweden Tärnan – Riala
Germany Vesser valley Biosphere Reserve
Germany Pressel wooded heath and mire
Germany Peenetal (Peenetalmoor and Anklamer Stadtbruch)
Germany Serrahn
Germany Charlottenhofer Weihergebiet and Hirtlohweiher
Germany Lauenburgische Seen Nature Park and Schaalsee area
Germany Middle Elbe valley with Steckby-Lödderitz forest
Germany Ponds and Elbe valley near Torgau
Germany Rhön Biosphere Reserve
Germany Schwalm-Nette-Platte and Grenzwald
Germany Drömling (Niedersachsen)
Germany Barnbruch
Germany Main valley near Schweinfurt
Germany Main valley near Volkach: Fahr-Dettelbach
Germany Altmühl valley between Treuchtlingen and Leutershausen with Altmühlsee
Germany Spreewald
Germany Wahner Heide
Germany Danube valley: Neu-Ulm - Lauingen incl. Faiminger Stausee, Donau-Moos, and Gundelfinger Moos
Germany Döberitzer Heide
Germany Sächsische Schweiz National Park
Germany Bliesgau
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Rietzer See
Germany Peitzer und Bärenbrücker Teiche
Germany Lower Oder valley
Germany Uckermark lake region
Germany Stechlin
Germany Märkische Schweiz
Germany Lower Elbe valley
Germany Unteres Rhinluch-Dreetzer See / Havelländisches Luch / Belziger Landschaftswiesen
Germany Schorfheide-Chorin
Germany Lower Havel - Lake Schollene - Lake Gülpe
Germany Heubachniederung/ Schwarzes Venn/ Borkenberge/ Halterner Seen
Germany Recker Moor/ Düsterdieker Niederung/ Seester Feld
Germany Sennelager training area
Germany Landgraben and Dumme lowlands
Germany Ostenholzer Moor and Meissendorfer Teiche
Germany Diepholzer Moorniederung and Siedener Moor
Germany Tinner Dose and Staverner Dose
Germany Elbe lowlands between Schnackenburg and Lauenburg
Germany Nürnberger Reichswald
Germany Fiener Bruch
Germany Military training area east and west of Jüterbog
Germany Hudewälder northeast of Haldensleben
Germany High Westerwald around Driedorf
Germany Gladenbach mountains east of Herborn
Germany Dune and aeolian sand area Dudenhofen, Babenhausen, Seligenstadt
Germany Lorsch forest and Vierheim heathland
Germany Rhäden near Obersuhl and Bosserode
Germany Alluvion of the middle Horloff
Germany South-eastern Alb and Upper Danube valley
Germany Simonswald-Rohrhardsberg
Germany Northern Karlsruhe Hardt
Germany Wutach ravine
Germany Kaiserstuhl
Germany Stromberg
Luxembourg Minières
Germany Lüneburger Heide
Croatia Cetina River
Lithuania Initial area of Aukstaitija NP
Russia (European) Kayakentski reserve
Russia (European) Kasumkentski reserve
Estonia Põhja-Kõrvemaa
Estonia Nõva-Osmussaar
Estonia Luitemaa
Estonia Lahemaa
Czechia Trebonsko (Trebon region)
Czechia Ceskolipsko - Dokeské pískovce sandstones and wetlands
Czechia Bzenecka Doubrava-Straznicke Pomoravi
Latvia Abava valley
Latvia Garkalne forest
Latvia Salaca valley
Latvia Teici and Pelecare bogs
Latvia Adazi
Latvia Gauja national park
Latvia Ziemupe
Latvia Aiviekste flood-plain
Latvia Dviete flood-plain
Latvia Lubans and fish-ponds
Latvia Ovisi
Latvia Seda marsh
Latvia Uzava coast
Latvia Ziemelgauja
Latvia Engure lake
Latvia Irbe valley and Dizpurvs
Latvia Sita and Pededze flood-plain
Latvia Zvarde forest
Latvia Augsdaugava
Latvia Augstroze
Latvia Kuja
Latvia Kemeri national park
Latvia Pededze forest and Parabaine
Latvia Piejura
Latvia Berzpils bogs and flood-plains
Latvia Mangene forest
Latvia Rakupe and Pace
Latvia Mezole
Latvia Randu meadows
Latvia Razna
Bulgaria Rayanovtsi
Bulgaria Belasitza mountain
Bulgaria Persenk
Bulgaria Harmanliyska Reka
Bulgaria Zlatiata
Bulgaria Studen Kladenets
Bulgaria Madzharovo
Bulgaria Sakar
Bulgaria Kotlenska Mountain
Bulgaria Kamchia Complex
Bulgaria Kaliakra
Bulgaria Radinchevo
Bulgaria Provadiysko-Royaksko plateau
Bulgaria Galata
Bulgaria Batova
Bulgaria Bakarlaka
Bulgaria Balchik
Bulgaria Vrachanski Balkan
Bulgaria Pirin
Bulgaria Besaparski Hills
Bulgaria Sinite Kamani-Grebenets
Bulgaria Western Rhodopes
Bulgaria Western Strandzha
Bulgaria Karlukovski Karst
Bulgaria Arda Bridge
Bulgaria Melnik Pyramids
Bulgaria Dobrostan
Bulgaria Osogovo Mountain
Bulgaria Vitosha Mountain
Bulgaria Trigrad-Mursalitsa
Bulgaria Mikre Meadows
Bulgaria Palakaria
Bulgaria Vasilyovska Mountain
Bulgaria Mesta Valley
Bulgaria Adata-Tundzha
Bulgaria Nikopolsko Plateau
Bulgaria Belite Skali
Bulgaria Rupite
Bulgaria Devetashko Plateau
Bulgaria Ruy Mountain
Bulgaria Zemen Gordge
Portugal Serra de Monchique
Portugal Serra do Caldeirão
France Vallée de la Loire : La Charité-sur-Loire
France Marais de L'Ile Vieille
France Anse du Fiers d'Ars en Ré
France Baie du Mont Saint Michel et Ile des Landes
France Estuaire et embouchure de la Seine
France Anse de Fouras, baie d'Yves et marais de Rochefort
France Plateau de Bellefonds
France Baie de Bourgneuf et marais breton
France Basses Vallées Angevines
France Col de l'Escrinet
France Vallée de la Loire: Pit majeur d'Iguerande à Décize
France Bassin d'Arcachon et Banc d'Arguin
France Vallée de la Nive des Aldudes-Col de Lindux
France Haute Cize : Pic d'Errozate et Forêt d'Orion
France Forêt de Jugny
France Forêt de Châtillon et environs
France Bassigny
France Forêt d'Orléans: massifs d'Ingrannes et de Lorris
France Forêts domaniales de Corse
France Forêts d'altitude du Jura : forêt du Massacre
France Basse Vallée du Doubs : Dole Sud
France Gorges de la Dordogne
France Etangs de Leucate et Lapalme
France Etangs Narbonnais
France Hautes Corbières
France Puig Carlit et environs
France Etangs de Canet et de Villeneuve-de-la-Raho et embouchure du Tech
France Massif du Madres et Mont Coronat
France Parc National des Cévennes
France Gorges du Tarn et de la Jonte
France Vallées de la Scarpe et de l'Escaut
France Crau
France Marais de Manteyer
France Plaine de Niort (nord-ouest)
France Region de Pressac, étang de Combourg
France Forêt du Gavre
France Plaine calcaire du sud Vendée
France Marais poitevin et baie de l'Aiguillon
France Forêt de Saou
France Basse Ardêche
France Hauts Plateaux du Vercors et Forêt des Coulmes
France Parc National de la Vanoise
Russia (European) Kilemarski Reserve
Russia (European) Kamsko-Bakaldinskiye marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arasbaran Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lisar Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Dasht-e Naz Wildlife Refuge
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay
Iran, Islamic Republic of Alborz-e Markazi Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Parvar Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Khosh-Yeilagh
Iran, Islamic Republic of Golestan
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arjan Protected Area
Lithuania Labanoras Regional Park
Jordan Dana
Czechia Boletice
Lithuania Simonys & Ramuldava forest complex
Bulgaria Kamchiyska Mountain
Bulgaria Western Balkan
Bulgaria Sredna Gora
Bulgaria Strandzha
Bulgaria Emine
Bulgaria Ludogorie
Bulgaria Kresna Gorge
Bulgaria Byala Reka
Bulgaria Central Balkan
Austria Fish-ponds in the Waldviertel
Netherlands Meinweg
Austria Allentsteig military training area
Austria Central Marchfeld
Ukraine Vodorazdil'ni i Zovnishni Gorgany
United Kingdom Cannock Chase
United Kingdom Sherwood Forest
Sweden Färnebofjärden
Poland Marshy valley of the Drweca river
Poland Rozwarowo Marshes
Poland Bieszczady Mountains
Poland Delta of the Swina river
Poland Lower Bug river valley
Poland Lower Odra river valley
Poland Upper Narew River Valley
Poland Omulew and Plodownica Rivers Valleys
Poland Pasleka river valley
Poland Insko Site
Poland Weltyn lakes
Sweden Sjöängen – Svartån
Poland Wkrzanska Forest
Poland Cedynia Site
Poland Goleniow Forest
Poland Trzebiatow Site
Poland Witnica-Debno Site
Poland Barlinek Forest
Poland Drawa River Site
Poland Forest at Drawa River
Poland Forest at Gwda River
Poland Zgierzynieckie Lake
Poland Middle Odra River Valley
Poland Rogalin Site
Poland Goplo Lake Site
Poland Calowanie Swamp
Poland Lebork Forest
Poland Bielawa Swamps
Poland Darzlubska Forest
Poland Mirachowo Forest
Poland Krotoszyn Oak Forest
Poland Pilica River Valley
Poland Kozienicka Forest
Poland Warmia Site
Poland Skaliskie Forest
Poland Wizna Swamps
Poland Wkra and Mlawka Rivers Valleys
Poland Upper Nurzec River Valley
Poland Borecka forest
Poland Kostrzyn River Valley
Poland Lukow Forests
Poland Notec Forest
Poland Samica Valley
Poland Polesie
Poland Tyszowce Site
Italy Pian di Spagna and Lake Mezzola
Poland Babia Gora Mountain
Poland Beskid Niski Mountains
Poland Slonne Mountains
Italy Mount Beigua
Italy Val d'Ossola
Slovenia Banjšice plateau
Slovenia Vipavski rob
Slovenia Snežnik plateau and Pivka valley
Slovenia Breginjski Stol and Planja
Netherlands Drents-Friese Wold & Leggelderveld
Netherlands Dwingelderveld
Hungary Börzsöny
Slovakia Laborecká upland
Slovakia Cerová upland and Rimava valley
Slovakia Poľana
Finland Käsivarsi fjelds
Finland Maltio fjelds
Finland Koskeljärvi, Vaaljärvi and Pitkäjärvi lakes
Italy Crete Senesi
Italy Albegna river valley
Italy Sibillini mountains
Italy Maiella, Pizzi and Frentani mountains
Italy Abruzzo National Park
Italy Gran Sasso and Laga mountains
Italy Dolomiti di Pietrapertosa
Italy Mount Cofano, Cape San Vito and Mount Sparagio
Germany Gohrischheide
Cyprus Adelphoi Forest - Papoutsa
Cyprus Troodos Forest
Germany Serrahn and Woldegk-Feldberger Hügelland
Germany Upper and middle reaches of river Krückau with tributaries
Germany Ahlhorner fishponds
Germany Hohe Geest near Himbergen / Bad Bodenteich
Germany Nemitzer Heide
Germany Großes Moor near Gifhorn
Germany Engdener Wüste
Germany Northern Black Forest
Germany Aisch-Regnitz-Grund
Germany Nossentiner-/Schwinzer Heide with Krakower Obersee and Plauer See
Germany Ueckermünder Heide
Germany Lucie and Landwehr
Germany Viehmoor with Leiferder Teiche
Germany Vorderer Steigerwald - Windsheimer Bucht - Steigerwald-Vorland
Germany Manteler Forst
Germany Retzower Heide
Germany Thülsfeld reservoir
Germany Gildehauser Venn
Germany Military training area Munster-Nord
Germany Military training area Munster-Süd
Germany Unterlüß / Kiehnmoor
Germany Military training area Bergen-Hohne
Germany Aschauteiche and Südheide
Germany Kuppendorfer Böhrde
Germany Braunschweig sewage farms
Germany Altengrabower Heide
Germany Heathlands of Lieberose-Staakow-Reicherskreuz
Germany Niederlausitzer Heidegebiete
Germany Mittlere Schwäbische Alb with Albuch, Härtsfeld and Schmiechener See
Germany Southern Karlsruhe Hardt
Germany Gravel pits in Hegau
Germany Mittlerer Rammert
Germany Military training area Grafenwöhr
Germany Heathlands and Forests in Tauberland
Germany Schönbuch with Spitzberg
Germany Farmlands Prignitz with Stepenitz valley (BB) and eastern Grabow (MV)
Germany Enz valley Mühlhausen - Roßwag
Germany Drawehn
Germany Central Black Forest
Germany Schwetzinger and Hockenheimer Hardt
Germany Sandsteppe Frankreich near Wiesental
Germany Military training area Hohenfels
Germany Riedforst near Melsungen
Germany Mönchbruch of Mörfelden and Rüsselsheim and heath extensions (GG)
Germany Former August-Euler airfield
Germany Main valley and Steiger foothills near Schweinfurt and Volkach
Germany Zschornoer Heide
Germany Colblitz-Letzlinger Heide
Germany Farmlands near Kusey (Altmark)
Germany Nuthe - Nieplitz lowlands
Germany Klietzer Heide
Germany Mouth of river Schwarze Elster
Germany Glücksburger Heide
Germany Annaburger Heide
Germany Hoher Fläming Görzke-Kranepuhl
Germany Dunes and sands of Mainz - Ingelheim
Germany Military training area Baumholder
Germany Mehlinger Heide
Germany Haardtrand
Germany Bienwald and Viehstrichwiesen
Germany Aukrug Nature Park
Luxembourg Esch/Alzette South-east
Luxembourg Dudelange Haard
Luxembourg Mines of the region of Differdange
Romania Aliman - Adamclisi
Romania Nerei gorge - Beuşniţa
Romania Dealurile Nordice ale Munţilor Făgăraş
Romania Dealurile Târnavelor - Valea Nirajului
Romania Defileul Inferior al Mureşului
Romania Almăjului Mountains - Locvei
Romania Măcin - Niculiţel
Romania Piatra Şoimului - Scorţeni - Gârleni
Romania Podişul Hârtibaciului
Poland Kurpie Site
Denmark Fiilsø
Denmark Hanstholm Reservation
Denmark Jerup Hede, Råbjerg Mose and Tolshave Mose
Denmark Kongens Mose and Draved Skov
Denmark Randbøl Hede
Denmark Salten Langsø
Denmark Skallingen and Langli
Lithuania Lithuanian part of the Curonian Spit
Poland Szczecin lagoon
Poland Swidwie Site
Poland Miedwie site
Poland Kamien Lagoon and Dziwna River
Poland Tuchola Forest
Poland Vistula river mouth
Poland Oswin site
Poland Luknajno lake
Poland Nietlice marshes
Poland Augustów forest
Poland Knyszyn Forest
Poland Gródek-Michalowo basin
Poland Lower Narew River Valley
Poland Notec river flood-plain
Poland Middle Notec River Valley
Poland Pszczew Lakes and Obra River Valley
Poland Obra river flood-plain
Poland Slawskie Lakes
Poland Woniesc reservoir
Poland Jeziorsko reservoir
Poland Turawa reservoir
Poland Rakutowskie swamps
Poland Middle Vistula River Valley
Poland Lower Silesia Forests
Poland Odra riverine forests
Poland Nida Rivar Valley
Poland Chelm calcareous marshes
Poland Strzeleckie forests
Poland Janów forests
Poland Solska Forest
Poland Roztocze
Poland Upper Huczwa River Catchment
Poland Karkonosze Mountains
Poland Niepolomice forest
Poland Przemysl Plateau
Poland Pulwy Marshes
Poland Beskid Wyspowy Mountains
Poland Grzeda Sokalska Beechwood
Poland Czarna River Valley
Poland Lower San River Valley
Poland Lower Wieprz River Valley
Poland Przysowia and Sludwia River valley
Poland Izerskie Mountains
Poland Karas Lake
Poland Kuznica Warezynska Reservoir
Poland Radlow Forest
Poland Wloszczowa Basin
Poland Mircze Site
Poland Satopy-Samulewo Site
Poland Peatbogs at Wieprz River
Poland Sandomierz Forest
Poland Sudety Wałbrzysko-Kamiennogorskie Mountains
Poland Elblag Height
Poland Siemianowka Reseirvoir
Cyprus Atsas-Agios Theodoros Area
Cyprus Xylourikos Valley
Armenia Dsegh
Armenia Gndasar
Armenia Haghartsin
Moldova Royal Forest
Denmark Borris Hede
Denmark Frøslev Plantage and Frøslev Mose
Denmark Heath areas near Store Råbjerg
Denmark Lindet Skov, Hønning Plantage, Lovrup Skov and Skrøp
Denmark Rold Skov
Estonia Karala-Pilguse
Estonia Kasti bay
Estonia Kikepera
Estonia Koorunõmme
Estonia Mullutu
Estonia Siiksaare-Oessaare bays
Estonia Vilsandi archipelago
Estonia Väinameri
Croatia Ravni Kotari
Croatia Mount Velebit
Croatia Krka and Surrounding Plateau
Croatia Gorski Kotar and Northern Lika
Croatia Mount Ucka and Cicarija
Estonia Agusalu
Estonia Haanja
Greece Mount Olympos
Greece Mount Grammos
Greece Valia Kalda (Pindos National Forest Park)
Greece Athamanika mountains (Tzoumerka)
Greece Mount Kyllini (Ziria)
Netherlands Meijendel & Berkheide
Estonia Koiva-Mustjõe
Estonia Irbe strait
Estonia Kõnnumaa-Väätsa
Estonia Kõrvemaa
Estonia Marimetsa-Õmma
Estonia Misso
Belarus Pripiat
Belarus Cieliachanski wood and mire complex
Serbia Negotinska krajina
Serbia Svrljisko pobrdje
Serbia Veliki krs and Stol
Serbia Zlatibor

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable non-breeding
Forest Boreal suitable breeding
Forest Temperate suitable breeding
Forest Temperate suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 3000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Lullula arborea. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/11/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/11/2020.